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Appendix 8: Some particulars of British and Enemy Aircraft in use in the Middle East and Mediterranean Theatre during the period of this volume.

The figures in these tables are no more than a general guide to the characteristics and capabilities of each type of aircraft. The performance is affected the climate, the skill of the pilot, the accuracy of navigation, and by the uncertainties of flying in the presence of the enemy. For these reasons the operational range—not to be confused with the radius of action—is always much less than the still air range. Broadly speaking, after allowing for the running of the engines on the ground and for the climb to the height quoted, the still air range is the distance that can be flown in still air until the tanks are empty.

NOTES:

(i) The most economical cruising speed is the speed at which the greatest range is achieved.

(ii) The height given in column IV is the optimum height for the maximum speed.

Fighter Aircraft

British

I II III IV V VI
Aircraft Fuel and Still Air Range at Most Economical Cruising Speed Most Economical Cruising Speed (mph) Maximum Speed (mph) Gun Armament Remarks
Galls. Miles
Blenheim Mk. IV F Twin engine monoplane Crew 2 466 1,615 170 at 15,000 ft. 266 at 11,800 ft. 6 x .303
Fulmar Single engine monoplane Crew 2 155 820 170 at 10,000 ft. 253 at 10,000 ft. 8 x .303 Fleet Air Arm.
Fury Single engine biplane Crew 1 50 440 127 at 15,000 ft. 205 at 15,000 ft. 2 x .303
Gauntlet Single engine biplane Crew 1 79 626 118 at 15,000 ft. 225 at 15,000 ft. 2 x .303
Gladiator Single engine biplane Crew 1 83 523 142 at 15,000 ft. 245 at 15,000 ft. 4 x .303 Sea Gladiators of the Fleet Air Arm were a modified version.
Hurricane Mk, I Single engine monoplane Crew 1 97 600 180 at 15,000 ft. 316 at 17,750 ft. 8 x .303
Tomahawk Single engine monoplane Crew 1 132 175 695 825 185 at 15,000 ft. 340 at 16,000 ft. 2 x .50 4 x .303 American design and manufacture. First operated in the Middle East (in the Western Desert) in April, 1941.

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Bomber Aircraft

(including bomber transport, bomber reconnaissance, and torpedo-bomber)

British

Aircraft Still Air Range with Associated Bomb load Most Economical Cruising Speed (mph) Maximum Speed (mph) Armament Remarks
Miles Bomb load
Albacore Single engine biplane Crew 2 or 3 521 1 Torpedo or 1,500 lb. 105 at 6,000 ft. 163 at 4,800 ft. 2 x .303 Figures relate to use as torpedo -bomber. Fleet Air Arm.
Battle Single engine monoplane Crew 2 1,050 1,000 lb. 148 at 15,000 ft. 241 at 13,000 ft. 2 x .303
Blenheim Mk. I Twin engine monoplane Crew 3 920 1,000 lb. 165 at 15,000 ft. 265 at 15,000 ft. 2 x .303
Blenheim Mk. IV Twin engine monoplane Crew 3 1,457 1,000 lb. 170 at 15,000 ft. 266 at 11,800 ft. 5 x .303
Bombay Twin engine monoplane Crew 4 1,500
330 (a) (b) 120 at 10,000 ft. 159 at 10,000 ft. 2 x .303 Transport aircraft (a) With 10 troops. (b) With 24 troops. Could carry up to 2,000lb. bombs.
Glenn Martin (Maryland) Twin engine monoplane Crew 3 1,210 1,049 1,500 lb. 2,000 lb. 176 at 15,000 ft. 278 at 11,800 ft. 8 x .303 American design and manufacture
Hardy Single engine biplane Crew 2 477 500 lb. 115 at 10,000 ft. 156 at 10,000 ft. 2 x .303
Hartbeest Single engine biplane Crew 2 450 568 lb. 110 at 11,000 ft. 145 at 11,000 ft. 3 x .303 Figures given are for East African conditions.

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Bomber Aircraft

(including bomber transport, bomber reconnaissance, and torpedo-bomber)

British

Aircraft Still Air Range with Associated Bomb load Most Economical Cruising Speed (mph) Maximum Speed (mph) Armament Remarks
Miles Bomb load
Ju.86 Twin engine monoplane Crew 6 700 1,160 lb. 120 at 8,000 ft. 140 at 6,000 ft. 6 x .303 Figures given are for East African conditions. Performance differs from that of the German Ju.86 (military version).
Lysander Single engine monoplane Crew 2 1,410 500 lb. 123 at10,000 ft. 212 at 4,500 ft. 197 at 15,000 ft. 4 x .303
Skua Single engine monoplane Crew 2 980 500 lb. 157 at 15,000 ft. 212 at 15,000 ft. 5 x .303 Fighter dive-bomber. Fleet Air Arm.
Sunderland Flying-Boat Four engine monoplane Crew 10 1,850 2,425 1,900 lb. Nil. 142 at 5,000 ft. 188 at 6,500 ft. 7 x .303
Swordfish Single engine biplane Crew 2 528 1,500 lb. 103 at 5,000 ft. 139 at 5,000 ft. 2 x .303 Torpedo-bomber. Fleet Air Arm.
Valentia Twin engine biplane Crew 2 367 (a) 104 at 6,500 ft. 111 at 6,500 ft. None Transport aircraft. (a) With 22 troops.
Vincent Single engine biplane Crew 2 726 500 lb. 95 at 10,000 ft. 141 at 10,000 ft. 2 x .303
Wellesley Single engine monoplane Crew 2 2,250 1,060 lb. 133 at 15,000 ft. 206 at 15,000 ft. 2 x .303
Wellington Mk.1 Twin engine monoplane Crew 6 2,550 1,200 1,000 lb. 4,500 lb. 165 at 10,000 ft. 225 at 4,700 ft. 235 at 15,500 ft. 6 x .303

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Fighter Aircraft

Italian

Aircraft Fuel and Still Air Range at Most Economical Cruising Speed Most Economical Cruising Speed (mph) Maximum Speed (mph) Gun Armament Remarks
Galls. Miles
C.R.32 Single engine biplane Crew 1 80 790 130 at 10,000 ft. 233 at 10,000 ft. 2 x 12.7 mm.
C.R.42 Single engine biplane Crew 1 77 535 150 at 13,100 ft. 270 at 13,100 ft. 2 x 12.7 mm.
G.50 Single engine monoplane Crew 1 69 530 170 at 14,500 ft. 300 at 14,500 ft. 2 x 12.7 mm.
M.C.200 Single engine monoplane Crew 1 70 570 170 at 15,000 ft. 310 at 15,000 ft. 2 x 12.7 mm.

German

Me.110 Twin engine monoplane Crew 2 280 930 200 at 18,000 ft. 360 at 20,000 ft. 6 x 7.9 mm. 2 x 20mm.

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Bomber Aircraft

(including bomber transport, bomber reconnaissance, and torpedo-bomber)

Italian

Aircraft Still Air Range with Associated Bomb load Most Economical Cruising Speed (mph) Maximum Speed (mph) Armament Remarks
Miles Bomb load
Ba. 65 Single engine monoplane Crew 1 to 2 590 880 lb. 160 at 13,500 ft. 255 at 16,400 ft. 2 x 12.7 mm. 3 x 7.7 mm. Ground attack aircraft.
B.R. 20 Twin engine monoplane Crew 4 1,350 2,200 lb. 175 at 13,000 ft. 255 at 13,500 ft. 1 x 12.7 mm. 2 x 7.7 mm.
Ca. 133 Three engine monoplane Crew 4 750 2,000 lb. 105 at 5,500 ft. 174 at 5,500 ft. 4 x 7.7 mm. Used mainly for transport.
Ca. 310 Twin engine monoplane Crew 3 1,060 880 lb. 115 at 5,500 ft. 212 at 5,500 ft. 3 x 7.7 mm. Used mainly for reconnaissance.
Ca. 311 Twin engine monoplane Crew 3 to 4 1,315 880 lb. 120 at 13,000 ft. 260 at 13,000 ft. 4 x 7.7 mm.
Cant. Z. 501 Single engine flying-boat Crew 4 to 5 2,450 1,100 lb. 85 at sea level 152 at sea level 4 x 7.7 mm.
Cant. Z. 506 Three engine seaplane Crew 4 to 5 1,130 1,750 lb. 140 at 13,000 ft. 230 at 13,000 ft. 1 x 12.7 mm. 3 x 7.7 mm.
Cant. Z. 1007b, Three engine monoplane Crew 4 to 5 1,650 1,100 lb. 160 at 15,000 ft. 280 at 15,000 ft. 2 x 12.7 mm. 2 x 7.7 mm.
Ghibli Twin engine monoplane Crew 3 to 4 530 1,210 740 lb. Nil 100 at 3,000 ft. 158 at sea level 3 x 7.7 mm. Reconnaissance and light bombing
Ro. 37 Single engine biplane Crew 2 1,100 1,295 400 lb. Nil 120 at 14,000 ft. 200 at 14,000 ft. 2 x 12.7 mm. 1 x 7.7 mm.
S. 79 Three engine monoplane Crew 4 to 5 1,190 2,750 lb. 155 at 13,000 ft. 255 at 13,000 ft. 3 x 12.7 mm. 2 x 7.7 mm. Used, when modified, as a tor- pedo-bomber.
S.81 Three engine monoplane Crew 4 to 5 1,030 2,200 lb. 130 at 15,000 ft. 210 at 15,000 ft. 6 x 7.7 mm.
S. 82 Three engine monoplane Crew 4 to 5 1,250 Nil 155 at 10,000 ft. 205 at 7,000 ft. 1 x 12.7 mm. 4 x 7.7 mm. Transport aircraft. Freight: 5,000 lb.

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Bomber Aircraft

(including bomber transport, bomber reconnaissance, and torpedo-bomber)

German

Aircraft Still Air Range with Associated Bomb load Most Economical Cruising Speed (mph) Maximum Speed (mph) Armament Remarks
Miles Bomb load
Do. 17 Twin engine monoplane Crew 4 890 2,200 lb. 180 at 15,000 ft. 255 at 15,000 ft. 7 x 7.9 mm. 1 x 20 mm. Used mainly for reconnaissance.
He.111 Twin engine monoplane Crew 5 to 6 1,510 2,200 lb. 180 at 17,000 ft. 240 at 14,000 ft. 7 x 7.9 mm. 2 x 20 mm.
Ju.52 Three engine monoplane Crew 3 to 4 530–790 Nil 132 at sea level 165 at sea level 5 x 7.9 mm. Transport aircraft. Freight: 4,000–5,060 lb.
Ju.87 (Stuka) Single engine monoplane Crew 2 360 1,100 lb. 160 at 15,000 ft. 245 at 15,000 ft. 3 x 7.9 mm. Dive-bomber.
Ju.88 Twin engine monoplane Crew 4 1,310 2,200 lb. 194 at 16,400 ft. 295 at 14,000 ft. 1 x 7.9 mm. 1 x 20 mm.