Index

–A–

Aachrafiye (Sketch p. 416), 418

Aal, El (Sketch p. 334), 338

Aamiq (Sketch p. 516), 535

Aanout (Sketches pp. 462, 475), 460, 461, 464, 475

Aaqliye (Map p. 482), 471, 472

Aba, British hospital ship, 214n

Ababy, Jebel (Sketch p. 381), 383

Abadan (Sketch p. 533), 532

Abbottsmith, Sgt J., 547

Abd El Kamh (Sketch p. 353), 353

Abdiel, British mine-layer, 239, 243, 244, 251n, 305

Abdul Illah, Mint, 199

Abetz, Otto, 329

Abey (Sketches pp. 462, 504), 473, 496, 500, 502, 503, 504, 505

Abou Atriz, Jebel (Sketch p. 393), 393, 394

Abou Nida, Tel (Sketch p. 357), 356

Abou Zare, Wadi (Sketch p. 381), 380, 385

Abu Kemal (Sketch p. 478), 479

Abyssinia, 7, 320, 321n, 334, 342, 441, 529, 555, 562

Italian defeat in, 197

British army strength in, 531

Acre Convention, 513-14

administration of, 515-22

Acropole Palace Hotel, 24, 155

site of Lustre Force Hq, 33

Adam, Cpl D. C., 434n

Adana, 315

Adeisse (Sketches pp. 343, 377), 344, 352, 378

Adem, El, 9

Aden, 320

Adhele (Map p. 258), 256, 262, 265, 274

Adhele, Wadi, 256, 257, 258

Adler, Lt A. W. L., 556

Adloun (Sketches pp. 367, 376), 366-7, 375-7, 379

Adonis, Capt, 312

Adriatic Sea, 48, 76

Adsaya (Sketch p. 416), 429n, 431

Aegean Sea, 1, 39, 48, 184

Aegina Island, 230

Afair, Tel (Sketch p. 393), 393

Afghanistan, 333

relations with Persia, 532

Agedabia, 30

Germans recapture, 37

Agheila, El, 37

Aghya Prison (Map p. 218; Sketch p. 245), 224, 225, 230, 237, 242, 243, 244, 245, 247, 254

Aghya Reservoir, 226, 232

Ahwaz (Sketch p. 533), 533

AIF News, 560

Aikenhead, Brig D. F., 60

Ainab (Sketch p. 504), 511

Ain Ebel (Sketches p. 343, 348), 342, 349

Ain Ksour (Sketches p. 500, 504), 505

Ain Sofar (Sketch p. 516), 535

Aircraft

influence on ground operations, 195-6, 547n

role in war, 538, 552

British

deliveries to M.E., 8

strength in M.E., 18n

available for defence of Crete, 208-9

for invasion of Syria, 335

Types

Blenheim, 22n, 83, 200, 206-7, 214, 247n, 266, 391, 479

Fulmars, 214, 220

Gladiators, 5n, 22n, 207, 214, 220, 280, 441, 479

Hurricanes, 5n, 10, 11n, 22n, 37, 80, 133, 149, 207, 214, 220, 247n, 287, 479, 529

Lysanders, 37

Marylands, 247n

Sunderlands, 301, 302

Tomahawks, 391

Wellingtons, 200

German

strength in Balkans, 18n

strength at invasion of Crete, 228

losses, 316

Types

Heinkels, 201

Junkers, 228, 281

Messerschmitts, 80, 304

Stukas, 86, 126n, 292

Airfields

Cretan, 203, defence of, 220

Greek, 150, 153, 163, 168, 228

Syrian, 333, 335, 338, 344, 391

German use of, 322, 329, 330, 331

Air Reconnaissance, at Matapan, 23

Aita Chaab (Sketch p. 343), 342

Aitaroun (Sketch p. 343), 342, 349

Aiteniye (Sketch p. 361), 365

Aitken, Lt-Col E. F., 408, 409

Ajax, British cruiser

at Matapan, 23

in evacuation of Greece, 176, 179

in battle of Crete, 233, 239, 291

at Damour, 488n

Akladi (Sketch p. 147), 139

Akrotiri Peninsula (Map p. 218), 218, 226, 238

Alamanas Bridge (Sketch p. 147), 141, 153

Alawis, The, 323

Albania, 4, 6, 14, 29-30, 35, 48, 50, 51, 58, 70, 112, 203, 212

Greek offensive in, 1-2, 15

strength in, 192

proposed withdrawal of Greek troops from, 12, 16

British air support in, 22-3

Italian offensive in, 25

proposed Greek-Yugoslav offensive, 26, 27, 40, 41, 43

Greek withdrawal, 46, 54, 76-7, 80, 93

Alcides, Norwegian tanker, 188

Alcohol, 105, 206, 258

Aldridge, Gnr J., 121, 122

Aleppo (Map p. 339; Sketch p. 478), 327, 330, 331, 441, 479, 480, 511, 512, 517, 519, 534, 535, 546

Alexandretta, 188

Alexandria (Sketch p. 298), 17, 23, 30, 31, 151, 170, 174, 177, 202, 211, 227, 238, 239, 243, 251n, 291, 292, 298, 302, 305, 306, 311, 318, 320, 513n, 559

Aley (Sketch p. 504), 480, 535

Aliakmon-Olympus Line, See Olympus-Aliakmon Line

Aliakmon River (Map p. 34; Sketches pp. 4, 75), 3, 4, 8, 29, 32, 34, 40, 46, 54, 55, 56, 58, 66, 68, 71, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 81, 82, 83, 85, 86, 90, 92, 93, 94, 158, 165n

19th Brigade crossing, 87-89

Alikambos (Sketch p. 296), 307

Alikianou (Map p. 218), 221, 224, 230, 243, 244, 246, 254

Allan, Maj W. G., 346

Allen, Maj-Gen A. S., 31

in Greece, 55, 85, 97, 98, 99, 102, 106, 125, 126n, 136, 138, 139, 145, 152, 153, 164-5, 171, 172, 173

at Pinios, 107, 115, 117, 119, 121, 122, 127

selected to command 7th Division, 340, 413-14

in Syria, 386, 387, 418, 419, 446, 449, 454, 459, 461, 464n, 491, 499, 502, 511, 514, 521n, 547, 548

policy at Jezzine, 460, 477

and plan for attack on Damour, 473-4, 480

arrest of French officers, 520

and Tripoli fortress, 536

transfer to Far East, 550

experience, 555

Allen, Lt-Col J. M., 223, 251

Allenby, Field Marshal Viscount, 356

Alma Chaab (Sketch p. 343), 342, 349

Almiros, 109

Amatour (Sketches pp. 504, 506), 507

Ambelakia (Map p. 106; Sketch p. 127), 107, 114

Ambrosio, General, 50-51

Amenities, AIF, 558-9

America, See United States

American College (Sketch p. 381), 384, 385

A.M.E.S. Ridge (Map p. 282), 285, 286

Amfiklia (Sketch p. 147), 138, 139

Amfissa (Sketch p. 156), 140, 142, 149, 156

Amindaion (Map p. 66; Sketch p. 67), 30, 35, 43, 57, 66

Amiriya, 30, 31

Ammunition

shortages at Retimo, 257

artillery, expenditure in Syria, 527n

mortar, at Retimo, 269

in Syria, 470, 527

Anderson, Lt-Col A. J., 488

Anderson, WO2 D.A., 269

Anderson, Capt J. R., 146-7

Anderson, Col R. C. B., 287

Anderson, Lt-Col R. R., 61

Andrea, Fort (Sketch p. 421), 421, 422

Andrew, Brig L. W., VC, 222, 223, 236

Andrews, Pte G., 434n

Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 200

Angora, 6

Angus, Lt J. A., 449, 450

Ankara, 11, 12

Ano Kalivia (Sketch p. 156), 158

Anstis, Cpl A. F., 308

Anti-Lebanon, 333, 352, 449, 468, 515, 519

Antipsara, 67n

Apex Hill (Map p. 282), 286, 287, 289, 293

Arab El Loueize (Sketch p. 353), 353

Arab Legion, 324n, 338

strength of, 391n

at Palmyra, 440, 466, 477

Arabs, The, 201, 326, 346, 412

National movement, 198, 202

relations with French, 322-4, 325, 332

Aramoun (Sketch p. 504), 504, 505

Archibald, Cpl T., 364

Argos (Sketch p. 145), 149, 150, 152, 161, 162, 163, 164, 166, 167, 168, 169, 173n, 175, 178, 179, 184

Argos Orestikon (Sketch p. 78), 76, 92

Arkhania (Sketch p. 288), 287

Arlabosse, General, 480

arrest of, 520, 521

Arnold, Maj M. G. de L., 108, 126

Array, Wadi (Map p. 410), 477

Arthur, Capt W. H., 493, 494, 495, 500, 501

Artillery

in Greece: 37, 44, 47, 123, 145-7, 153

destruction ordered, 144

value of, 196. In Crete: 215, 216-17, 218, 219, 223-4, 242, 256, 279

strength in M.E., 321n, deficiencies, 535. In Syria, 386, 404, 436n, 439, 443, 459, 460, 503, 527

strength at Damour, 474, 481

strength in regiments, 477n.

Anti-aircraft

Greece, 165n, 166

in Crete, 219, 220, 221, 279, 280

strength, 204

French: in Syria, 452, 473, 480, 483

Persian: 532

Artouz (Sketches pp. 393, 395), 403, 407, 412, 415

Asfendhon (Sketch p. 296), 307

Askifou (Sketch p. 296), 295, 297, 298, 299

Assyrians, 200

Atalandi (Sketch p. 147), 103, 151, 155

Athens (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 175), 2, 3, 6, 12, 13, 14, 17, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 36, 37, 40, 44, 58, 65, 67n, 71, 78, 79, 80, 81, 83, 93n, 104, 106, 111, 112, 125n, 131, 132, 133, 140, 141, 143, 144, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 155, 158, 162, 163, 167, 168, 169, 175, 176, 177, 179, 182, 183, 184, 189, 195, 230, 521

Conference at, 9-11

Germans enter, 170

Athos, 189, 315

Atiqa, El (Map p. 482; Sketch p. 485), 472, 473, 474, 480

capture of, 485-6, 488-9, 495, 501

Atkinson, Cpl C. C., 436

Atkinson, Spr J., 148

Atkinson, Maj W. M., 363

Atlantic Charter, 531

Atlantic Ocean, 318, 531

Atock, Pte J. K., 306

Atrocities, in Crete, 240, 255, 286, 290

Attica, 14, 162

Aubrey, Lt-Col A. W., 150n

Auchinleck, Field Marshal Sir Claude, 327, 440, 513n, 533n, 555n

C-in-C India, 199

administration of armistice in Syria, 516, 518

appointed C-in-C M.E., 523, 531

states strength of national contingents in, 525-6

defence of Syria, 534, 536

and Australian discipline, 545-6

Austin, Maj G. W., 138

Austin, Maj H. McP., 61

Australia, 7, 70n, 169, 341, 518, 525, 547, 557, 561

naval aid promised, 15

and Greek campaign, 16, 18, 194

war effort, 537, 538

and Overseas force, 540, 541-3

Blamey’s visit, 543-4

Defence policy, 551-2, 562

Australian Air Force, No. 3 Squadron, 335, 391, 394n, 441, 528-9

Australian Army, 554

officering of, 542, 544, 549, 558

strength in Australia, 543n

liaison with AIF overseas, 553, 560

see also Australian imperial Force

Australian Broadcasting Commission, 560

Australian Comforts Fund, in Middle East, 558-9

Australian Government, consultation with Great Britain, 14-15, 16-21, 194, 328-9, 553

Blamey’s advices on Greek campaign, 19, 27, on Crete, 210, 215, on Cyprus, 318, on Syria, 328, on possible employment of AIF in Turkey, 534, 544, during visit to Australia, 553

Anzac Corps proposals, 70n, 539-40, 541-2

and direction of Middle East campaigns, 21-2, 151, 542n, 555

premature release of armistice negotiations in Syria, 512

and organisation of AIF, 537, 539, 541, 542-4

and reinforcement of Far East, 549, 550

AIF wives, 559

– Advisory War Council, 19

Blamey’s discussions with, 20n, 544, 553

– Army, Department Of, 553

– Board Of Business Administration, 129n

– Defence Department, 151

– Information, Department Of, 560

Australian Imperial Force

First, 548

“Australianisation” of, 21

at Gallipoli, 69-70

breaking up of units, 543

officering of, 557n

British praise of, 558

War Records Section, 559

Second

strength and distribution, in Greece, 182-3

in Crete, 213-4

in Syria, 525-6

in Middle East, 540, 543

employment of, 470, 537, 553

relations with French, 468-9, 516-19, compared to, 528, 529

Press censorship, 525, 526, 560-62

organisation of, 535, 537, 538-9

proposed expansion, 539-42, reduction, 542-4

proposed employment in Turkey, 544

discipline, 545-7

equipment, 548-9

reactions to Pacific War, 550

cooperation with British Army, 552-55

officering of, 555-8

amenities in Middle East, 558-9

quality and characteristics, 562

– HQ AIF Middle East, 211

creation of Rear Echelon, 22

– I Aust Corps, 8, 211

staff of, 22, 34n

in Greece, 23, 30, 36, 44, 54, 55, designated Anzac Corps, 70

Lavarack proposed as commander, 340-41

controls operations in Syria, 413-14, 449

occupation of Syria, 514, 515, 517, 518, 519, 535, 546, 548

dispersal of, 537, 539n, 553

movement to Far East, 549-50, 551

– Anzac Corps, Australian proposals, 70n, 341, 539-42, 544

creation of, 69-70

in Greece, 71, 77, 79n, 81, 83, 90, 94, 95, 96-7, 102, 103, 110, 128-30, 133, 139, 143, 144, 145, 149, 151, 152, 178n, 183, 184, 195, 547

achievements, 196

– “Australian Corps”, proposed formation of, 539-42

– Divisions

re-organisation of, 7

1st Armd, 530-31, 538, 539, 540, 541, 542-3

6th Inf, 549, 559

earmarked for Greece, 7, 17, 18n

embarks, 23, 32-3, 36, 37

staff, 36n

in Greece, 43, 70, 71, 72, 76, 82, 83, 93, 99, 104n, 109, 110, 111, 135, 138, 148, 160, 528

air attacks on, 128-9, 547n

embarkation, 150-51, 152, 153

losses, 183n, 216

in Crete, 210, 256n

strength, 315

losses, 315n, 336n

in Palestine, 320, 537, 540n, 553

re-formation of, 335-6, 547n

in Syria, 340, 544, 548

and Anzac Corps proposals, 341, 539

earmarked for Far East, 550

7th, brigades of, 7

earmarked for Greece, 7, 17

priority of dispatch, 18n

retained in Egypt, 37, 38, 39, 70, 93, 197, 320

earmarked for Syria, 326, 327, 328, 329

strength and composition, 334-5, 338

plans for advance, 336, 340

staff, 341-2

in Syria, 345, 385n, 395, 400, 418, 449, 451, 510, 511

liaison with navy, 365n, 529

reinforcement of, 413, 467

casualties, 526

Allen becomes G.O.C., 413-14

effect of Press censorship, 526

lessons of campaign, 528-9

occupation of Syria, 514, 515, 529, 535, 537, 544, 548

proposal to place in “Australian Corps”, 341, 539

strength of, 540n

earmarked for Far East, 550

dispersal of, 553

8th, 537, 540, 541, 544n, 547

brigades of, 7

9th, brigades of, 7

in Cyrenaica, 7, 37, 197

artillery strength, 216

at Tobruk, 320, 537, 553

relief of, 539n, 544, 555n

and proposed “Australian Corps”, 341, 539

strength, 540n

relieves 7th Division in Syria, 550

– Artillery, 219, 338n

strength in, 216

at Damour, 502

2/3rd LAA Regt, Crete, 204, 213n, 280

losses, 292n, 315n

Anti-Tank Regts

2/1st, in Greece, 33n, 35, 76n, 79, 90, 107n, 121-2, 144, 153n, 164n

at Vevi, 43, 44, 57, 60, 63

losses, 64, 183n

in Syria, 467n, 535

2/2nd, in Syria, 338n, 352, 397, 400, 401, 404n, 405, 409, 452n, 503

casualties, 526n

ammunition expenditure, 527n

Field Regiments

2/1st, in Greece, 33n, 82, 111, 135n, 145, 153n, 164, 173, at Kalamata, 178, losses, 183n, escapes, 189

2/2nd, in Greece, 75, 102, 111n, 145, 164n, at Brallos, 145-7, 148, 156, 157, losses, 147, 183n

in Crete, 211, 216, 217, 218, 219, 226, 238, 243n, 250, 297n, 313n, strength, 214n, escapes from, 308, losses, 315n

2/3rd, in Greece, 33n, 75, 82, 89, 144, 176, at Vevi, 43, 64, at Elasson, 102, 123, 124, losses, 183n

in Crete, 211, 219, 226n, 232, 242, 263, 276, 297, 299, 300, 304, 305n, strength, 214n, 256n, New Zealand opinion of, 232n, escapes, 310, 312, losses, 315n

2/4th, 216, 338n

in Syria, 350, 363, 364, 376, 379, 380, 382, 452n, 463, 473, encounter with French Navy, 413, at Damour, 481, 494, 499, casualties, 526n, ammunition expenditure, 527n. 2/5th, 216, 338n

in Syria, 356, 389n, 467n, 481, at Merdjayoun, 370, 386, 387, 395, 397, 398-9, 401, 404n, 408n, 444, at Damour, 487, 502, 503, casualties, 526n, ammunition expenditure, 527n. 2/6th, 216, 338n

in Syria, 352, 355, at Merdjayoun, 370, 386, 387, 404n, at Jezzine, 389, 401, 411n, 454, 459n, 460, 505, casualties, 526n, ammunition expenditure, 527n. 2/7th, 216, 310. 2/8th, 216. 2/9th, in Syria, 451n, 477n, 481, ammunition expenditure, 527n, 535. 2/11th, 535. 2/12th, 216

– Cavalry Regiments

6th, 335, 338n, 547, 553

in Syria, 342, 349-50, 351, 366-7, 377, 380, 381-2, 385, 461, 462, 467n, 475, 507, 514, Merdjayoun area, 352, 355, 370-1, 387, 388, 395, 396-7, 398, 400, 404, 408, 443, 449, squadron organisation, 355n, Kelly Gang, 404n, 447, Damour, 501-2, 503, 504

casualties, 526n

7th, in Cyprus, 318, 335, 553

strength and equipment, 533

relief, 534

9th, 338n, 535, 546, 553

history, 385n

in Syria, 385, 389, 460-1, 477, 510

casualties, 526n

– Engineers

in Greece, 42, 74, 76, 88, 99, 110, 128-9, 134-5, 138n, 149, 153, 164n

in Crete, 217, 218, 219

in Syria, 342, 360, 389, 545n

Field Companies

2/1st, in Greece, 48, 73-4, 76n, 88, 107, 145, 148, 157

2/2nd, in Greece, 79, 125-6, 173n. 2/5th, 338n

in Syria, 387, 404n, 459n. 2/6th, 338n

in Syria, 346-7, 351, 366, 462-3, 472, 473. 2/8th, 144

in Crete, 211, 214n, 256n, 262. 2/9th, 338n. 2/15th, 535

– Infantry Brigades

divisional reorganisation, 7

16th, 30-32, 340, 555

in Greece, 36, 37, 41, 46, 54, 55, 56, 58, 72-4, 76, 80n, 82, 85-6, 94, 136, 138, 142, 145, 150, 152-3, 162, 168, 171-5, 178n, 181n, at Pinios, 97, 115-19, 126n

re-formation, 336n

see also Allen Force. 17th, 30, 36, 74n, 553

in Greece, 79, 106, 141, 145, 150, 152-3, 158, 162, 168, 171-5, 178, 181n

in Crete, 212

at Damour, 467, 474, 480, 481, 484, 490-3, 497-500, 502, 503-5

casualties, 526n

see also Savige Force

18th, 7, 190, 555

ordered to Tobruk, 37

rejoins 7th Division, 544. 19th, 30, 549, 555

in Greece, 36, 74, 75, 76, 79, 81, 82, 87, 99n, 102, 135, 145, 152, 162, 163-4, 173n, 181, at Vevi, 41, 43, 44, 47, 58, 59-65, 74

crosses Aliakmon, 87-9

at Brallos, 140, 141, 143, 149, 155-8, 255

in Crete, 211, 219, 242, 246, 247, 249-50, 253, 255, 295, 296, 298-9, 300, 303, 304

at 42nd Street, 250, 251-3

embarks, 305-6

20th, 7. 21st, 7, 335, 341

battalions, 338n

in Syria, 340, 342-3, 344, 345-52, 367, 385n, 388, 389, 402n, 405, 412-13, 447, 460-62, 467, 469

at Damour, 469-74, 480-81, 482-91, 500, 502, 505

liaison with navy, 365n

casualties, 526n

22nd, 7

23rd, 7

24th, 7, 22, 335

25th, 549, 555

transferred to 7th Division, 7

commander of, 341-2, replaced, 459

battalions, 335, 338n

in Syria, 340, 343-4, 352-6, Merdjayoun area, 367-73, 386-7, 408, Jezzine area, 385n, 387, 388-90, 400, 404-6, 409, 452n, 461, 464-5, 474, 480, 505-9, strength at, 401

casualties, 526n

see also Berryforce

26th, 7

27th, 7

Allen Force, 99, 106n, 107n, 127, 145, 150, 152-3, 161, 162, 164-5, 171-5

Berryforce, 443-46, 446-9, 449-51

Savige Force, 81, 82, 90, 99, 103, 106n, 109-11, 125-6, 134-5, 137n

misunderstanding with 1st Armd Brigade, 104

– Infantry Battalions

battle fatigue in, 453

employment in Middle East, 470

compared to Foreign Legion, 529

2/1st, 31, 33n, 190, 470

in Greece, 73, 74, 85, 86, 97, 98, 100, 111n, 134, 145, 164n, 175

at Brallos, 140-1, 148, 149, 155-6, 157, 158

casualties, 183n

escapes, 315

in Crete, 211, 213

at Retimo, 218, 219, 232, 234, 258-60, 261-4, 265, 266, 267, 273, 274-6

strength and equipment, 214n, 256-7

escapes, 278, 312

casualties, 275n, 315n

re-formation of, 336n, 419.

2/2nd, 31, 33n, 236n, 313n, 470

in Greece, 41, 42, 73, 74, 85-6, 97, 138-9, 142n, 153n, 172

at Pinios, 107, 108, 113-14, 115-16, 117, 118-19, 120, 122, 127, 134

casualties, 115, 122n, 183n

escapes, 67n, 185, 186-8, 189, 336n

in Crete, 214n

distribution between Crete and Palestine, 336.

2/3rd, 31, 33n, 335, 336, 338n, 413

in Greece, 73, 74, 85, 97, 98, 119n, 138, 139, 142n, 153n, 186

at Pinios, 107-8, 114, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120-21, 127, 134

casualties, 122n, 183n

in Crete, 214n

in Syria, 419, 420-26, 427, 428-9, 511, 520, 529

at Jebel Mazar, 429-39

at Damour, 467, 474, 481, 491-2, 493, 497-8, 500, 504-5

casualties, 438n, 526n.

2/4th, 33n, 470

in Greece, 75-6, 88, 89, 111, 135, 145, 164n

at Vevi, 44, 47, 48, 53, 56, 57, 59, 62-4, 66, at Sotir, 66-7, 68

at Brallos, 140, 141, 146, 148, 156, 157

casualties, 64, 183n

in Crete, 211, 213, 219, 281, 283, 286, 287, 289, 290, 292n

strength, 214n, 279, 280n, 336n,

casualties, 315n.

2/5th, 33n, 336, 338n, 368n

in Greece, 79, 82, 90, 92, 97, 111, 118, 119, 125, 126, 135, 140, 141, 142, 149, 153n, 158, 164, 173, 178n

casualties, 134, 183n

in Crete, 181, 214n

allotted to 7th Division, 335, 413

in Syria, 419, 467, 511, 514, 529

at Merdjayoun, 398, 400, 404

at Damour, 481, 491, 492, 493, 497, 498-9, 500, 502, 503-4

casualties, 526n.

2/6th, 33n, 336, 470

in Greece, 79, 82, 90, 106, 111, 134, 135, 141, 142, 150, 153n, 163, 173, 178n

at Lamia Pass, 136-8

at Corinth, 161-2, 164, 165, 166-7

casualties, 167, 183n

in Crete, 214n, escapes, 313-15.

2/7th, 33n, 313n, 336n, 470

in Greece, 79, 82, 90, 106, 111, 135, 141, 142, 150, 153n, 172, 173, 175, 178n

at Lamia Pass, 137, 138

casualties, 183n

in Crete, 211, 213, 218, 219, 234-5, 236, 242, 248, 253, 295, 296, 297, 299, 300, 301

strength, 214n, 241n

at 42nd Street, 250, 251-3

at Sfakia, 302, 303, 304-5, 305-7

escapes, 308-9, 312n

casualties, 252, 315n.

2/8th, 33n, 336n, 470

in Greece, 44, 75, 76, 89, 111, 135, 140, 141, 142n, 145, 153n, 155, 157, 158, 164n, 173, 175

at Vevi, 47, 48, 53, 56, 57-8, 59-62, 64-5, 71

casualties, 183n

in Crete, 211, 213, 218, 219, 226, 234, 238, 242, 246, 248, 253, 295, 296, 297, 299, 300-1, 302, 303, 305, 307

strength, 214n, 241n

at 42nd Street, 251

casualties, 315n.

2/11th, 33n, 44, 190, 336n, 470

in Greece, 79, 90, 97, 118, 119, 125, 126, 134, 145, 164

at Brallos, 140, 141, 148, 155, 156-8, 159

casualties, 183n

in Crete, 211

at Retimo, 213, 218, 219, 234, 257-8, 260, 262-3, 264-5, 266, 267-71, 272, 273-5, 276, 277

strength and equipment, 214n, 256n, 257

escapes, 278, 309-13

casualties, 275n, 315n, 526n.

2/14th, 338n, 557n

in Syria, 342, 346-7, 347-8, 348-9, 351, 377, 378, 379, 413, 467n, 511

at Jezzine, 452-3, 454, 455-9, 464-5

at Damour, 480, 489-91, 492, 493-5, 499, 500-1, 502, 503, 505

casualties, 526n.

2/16th, 338n

in Syria, 342, 345, 349-50, 351, 367, 384, 385, 461, 462, 470, 473, 514, 548-9

at Litani River, 360, 361-4, 365-6, 367

at Sidon, 380-2

at Damour, 474, 480, 481, 486-9, 495-6, 501, 502

casualties, 526n.

2/25th

allotted to 25th Brigade, 335, 338n

in Syria, 389n, 390, 447, 460, 480

Merdjayoun area, 368, 386, 387, 388n, 401, 405, 408, 409, 443-4, 445-6

advance to Rharife, 461, 462-4, 467n, 475-6, 477

at Mazraat ech Chouf, 505-6, 506-7

casualties, 446, 451n, 526n.

2/27th, 338n

in Syria, 343, 348-9, 365, 366, 367, 375-7, 378-9, 380, 382-5, 461, 462, 470-2, 480

at Damour, 480, 481, 482-5, 488, 489, 490, 491, 492, 494, 495, 496-7, 503, 505

casualties, 384, 526n.

2/28th, 190.

2/31st, 190, 338n

in Syria, 344, 352, 354-6

patrols, 368-70

Merdjayoun area, 386, 387

Jezzine area, 388-90, 405-6, 409-12, 452, 453, 454-5, 457, 458, 459-60, 464, 465, 477, 505, 506, 507-9

casualties, 526n.

2/32nd, 335.

2/33rd, 338n

in Syria, 344, 467n

Merdjayoun area, 352, 368, 371-3, 387, 395-6, 400, 403-4, 443, 447-8, 449

strength, 451

casualties, 451n, 526n.

16 Bde Composite

in Crete, 218, 219, 226n, 336, 439n

strength, 214n

casualties, 315n.

17 Bde Composite

in Crete, 218, 219, 226n, 336

strength, 214n

escapes, 313

casualties, 315n.

Composite Battalion, at Tolos, 179.

Reinforcement Battalion. at Tolos, 171, 178

– Machine Gun Battalions

2/1st, 33n

in Greece, 76n, 79, 86, 87, 89, 90, 135n, 137, 138, 141, 144, 153n, 156, 164, 175, 178n

casualties, 183n

in Crete, 211, 213, 236, 256n, 258, 259, 276, 300

strength, 214n

escapes, 310

casualties, 315n

2/3rd, 338n

in Syria, 390, 397, 404n, 452n, 459n, 535

Damascus area, 400, 401, 402, 403, 406-7, 419, 420, 427-8

Damour, 489, 493, 494

casualties, 526n

– Medical

Field Ambulances

2/1st, 170

2/2nd, 79, 173

2/7th, 164n, 234, 256n

General Hospitals

2/5th, 161, 164, 182

2/6th, 182n

Nurses

evacuation from Greece, 164

– Military History And Information Section, 559-60

– Ordnance: 2/2 Field Workshop Company, 160

– Pioneer Battalions

2/1st, 190

2/2nd, 338n

in Syria, 349, 467, 474, 475, 476, 507

Merdjayoun area, 395, 400, 401, 404, 408-9, 443, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449-51

at Damour, 480n, 491, 493, 496, 499, 501, 502, 503

organisation and equipment, 408, 449n

casualties, 409, 451n, 526n

– Provost Companies: 6th, 150, 151, 165

7th, 133

– Service Corps: 256n. 1 Aust Corps Petrol Company, 178n

– Signals: 164n

I Aust Corps Sigs, 136n, 153, 178n

6 Div Sigs, 341

– Ski Troops: 547-8

Australian Soldiers’ Club, 559

Australian War Memorial, 554, 559, 560

Austria, 49, 50, 51, 57n, 71

Avery, Lt A. R., 458

Avlianna (Sketch p. 73), 73, 74

Awaj, Nahr El (Sketches pp. 374, 393), 373, 374, 393, 412

Axios (Vardar) River (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 10, 34, 35, 41, 42, 52, 70

Ayia Deka (Sketch p. 288), 288

Ayia Galini (Sketch p. 203), 275, 310, 311

Ayia Konstantinos (Sketch p. 147), 145, 158

Ayia Marina (Sketch p. 147), 139

Ayia Marina (Map p. 218), 242

Ayia Marina (South of Suda Map p. 218), 242, 249, 254

Ayia Roumeli (Sketch p. 203), 226n

Ayia Trias (Sketch p. 147), 141, 148

Ayios Dimitrios (Sketch p. 84), 101, 109, 123, 124

Ayrton, Capt E. N., 423

Ayton, Maj P. J., 348, 378

Azibibi, Wadi (Map p. 410), 452, 453

–B–

Baalbek (Sketch p. 478), 478, 534, 535, 548

Baaqoun (Map p. 482), 471

Baasir, 471

Babali (Map p. 282), 284, 286, 287, 290

Babali Hani, See Babali Inn

Babali Inn (Sketch p. 296), 253, 255, 295, 296

Badans, Cpl C. N., 423

Badarane (Sketches pp. 504, 506), 507-8

Badrane, Jebel (Sketch p. 393), 391

Baeouarta (Map p. 482), 498

Baghdad (Sketches pp. 198, 199), 198, 200, 201, 332, 440, 467n

Baillie-Grohman, Rear-Adm H. T., 131n, 133, 143, 177, 179

Baillon, Maj-Gen J. A., 548-9

Barnes, Maj W. G. A., 548n

Baker, Cpl A. A., 113

Bakraina (Sketch p. 127), 127

Balate Ridge (Map p. 386), 388, 396, 397, 398, 449

Baldock, Capt R. G., 382

Balkan States, 14, 205

Italian ambitions in, 1

British plans for front in, 5, 6, 15, 191, 192, 193, 555

Blamey’s warning, 538

German commitments, 48

Ballantine, Maj R. L., 128-9

Bamford, Lt-Col H. O., 171, 179n

Banat, The, 48

Bandar Shapur (Sketch p. 533), 532

Banias (Map p. 386; Sketch p. 334), 333, 352, 353, 358, 399, 400, 403, 412, 439n

Barada Gorge (Sketch p. 416), 421

road-block in, 423-4, 425, 426, 427

operations round, 428-9

Barcs (Sketch p. 51), 71

Bardia, 2, 210, 234, 312, 549

Bardia, Wadi (Map p. 258), 256, 259, 261, 262, 276

Barham, British battleship, 202

Barham, Maj K. H., 62, 63, 64

Barja (Sketch p. 462), 469

Barnes, Gnr C. E., 189

Barnerr, Maj A., 443, 444

Bari/Err, Col J. E., 545

Barrowclough, Maj-Gen H. E., 109, 122, 148, 155, 168

Barter, Brig A. R., 91, 92, 517

Basra (Sketch p. 198), 198, 199, 200, 327, 478

Bassett, Maj B. I., 245

Bastin, Lt-Col H. E., 510, 546

Batadiye, El (Map p. 482), 498

Batal, El (Map p. 482), 471, 472, 482, 483

Barn/ (Map p. 410; Sketch p. 504), 477, 506

Baxter, Pte B. A., 252

Baxter-Cox, Brig A. R.,

estimate of, 341-2

in Syria, 352, 368, 371, 386, 387, 388, 401, 409, 411, 452, 453, 454, 459

problems of, 343-4, 370, 405, 412

Bayada, Ras El (Sketch p. 348), 346

Baylis, Lt G. A., 399n

Bayliss, Lt H. E. 269

Bayly, Maj C. Vv., 268

Bayonets, use of, 252-3, 348, 434, 435, 476, 508

Bcharre (Sketch p. 545), 548

Beamish, Air Vice-Marshal G. R, 206, 207, 220, 247

Bean, C. E. W., 559

Bechet (Sketch p. 4), 49

Becker, Lt, 285

Bedding, Maj T. G., 218, 227, 240

Bedells, Lt J. G., 267, 270n

Bedells, Maj T. C., 310

Beida, El (Sketch p. 478), 478

Beiqoun (Sketches pp. 504, 506), 477, 505

Beirut (Map p. 339), 326, 327, 328, 330, 333, 334, 336, 337, 338, 340, 349, 351n, 352, 379, 391, 393, 407, 413, 414, 416, 418, 421, 423, 424n, 426, 428, 429, 430, 432, 433, 442, 467, 468, 469, 477, 480, 489, 499, 502, 503, 513, 515, 517, 519, 521, 534, 535, 544, 546, 559

bombing of, 480n, 511, 512

entry into, 514

Beit Ed Dine (Sketches pp. 462, 475), 405, 409, 452, 460, 461, [.469ff], 477, 480, 484, 485, 486, 489, 490, 491, 505, 509

Bekaa Valley, 509, 535

Belgium, 558n

Belgrade (Sketch p. 51), 12, 13, 25, 26, 48, 50, 51, 71, 94

Bell, Lt-Col A. T. J., 143, 158, 304

Benghazi, 4, 5, 16, 523

Bennett, Maj G. W., 352, 371, 372, 373, 395, 396, 403-4, 447

Bennt Jbail (Sketch p. 343), 342, 350, 351

capture of, 349

Berchtesgaden, 24, 330

Beresford, Capt B. D., 235

Beresford-Peirse, Lt-Gen Sir Noel, 341

Bergouliye (Sketch p. 348), 350

Beritiana (Sketch p. 296), 295

Berlin, 14, 50, 358

Bernard, Lt S. E., 252

Berry, Pte H. L., 300n

Berryman, Lt-Gen F. H., 549n

estimate of, 341

in Syria, 368, 389, 390, 451, 502

at Merdjayoun, 370, 386, 387

commands at, 401, 404, 408, 443, 446-7, 448, 449

Bertram, Lt-Col G. A., 454

Bertrand, Maj G. F., 150n

Bessell-Browne, Maj I. J., 273

Beucler, Colonel, 334

Bhamdoun (Sketch p. 504), 480

Birrell, Pte N. V., 373n

Bishop, Brig J. A., 161, 491, 492n

Bismarck, German battleship, 318

Bisset, Lt T. H., 489

Bizerta, 330

Blackburn, Brig A. S., VC, 401, 402, 403, 406, 407, 418, 420, 427, 515, 518

Blackburn, Lt-Col C. A. D’A., 225

Blair, WO2 D. A., 456

Blamey, Field Marshal Sir Thomas, 44, 55, 76, 81, 83, 103, 104, 108, 109n, 129, 139, 143, 144, 145, 149, 150, 152, 215, 244, 298, 301, 327, 335, 512, 527, 552, 561

priority of dispatch of AIF to Greece, 7

Menzies visits, 8

views on Greek expedition, 17-19, 27, 28, 192, 193

degree of consultation and responsibilities, 18-20, 194

raises question of leadership of Lustre Force, 21

proposed for higher command, 21-2

as Deputy C-in-C Middle East, 151, 340, 542n, 554-5

establishes Rear Echelon AIF, 22

reconnoitres Vermion-Olympus line, 34-5

opens headquarters in Greece, 36

protests at retention of 7th Division in Egypt, 37-9

presses for withdrawal of N.Z. Division to Olympus passes, 40

and Olympus–Aliakmon line, 43, 46, 54, 56, 58, 73, 79, 87-8

designates I Aust Corps Anzac Corps, 69-70

and Thermopylae line, 80, 82, 98-9, 140

reinforces Pinios Gorge, 95, 96-7

learns of decision to embark, 133

departs, 151, 168

evacuation of nurses, 164n

and Crete, 210, 303

and Cyprus, 318

and Syria, 328, 329, 357n

criticises defence plan, 536

organisation of AIF, 340-1, 536-7, 538-9, 539-41, 543-4

and German threat to Turkey, 534

visits Australia, 543-4, 553

AIF discipline, 546-7

return of senior officers, 549

seniority and experience, 554

commissioning of OCTU graduates, 556-7

AIF Records Section, 559, 560

Blida (Sketch p. 343), 344, 352

Blida, Wadi, 347n

Blockade, Naval, of Europe, 325, 538

Blomberg, Maj von, 201

Blucher, Lt Count, 285, 286n

Blundell, Capt P. L., 444

Blunt, Brig J. S., 177, 215

Bmeriq (Sketch p. 353), 353, 403, 404, 447, 449

Boase, Lt-Gen A. J., 555

Boehme, General, 50, 51, 52, 94, 126

Bolton, Capt W. B., 252, 300

Bombing, 195-6, 547n

Bonaventure, British cruiser, 23

Bond, Capt R. L., 299

Booth, Sgt C. E., 464

Borden, Mary, 519n

Bordes, Capt, 517

Bosgard, Capt A. K., 186

Bosnia, 94

Boulter, Capt T. A. M., 188, 189

Boum, El (Map p. 482), 471, 472, 480, 482, 483, 484, 490, 491, 492, 496

Bourke, Brig H. S. J., 418, 424, 425

Bourkoch, Jebel (Sketch p. 416), 477n

Bourqouz (Map p. 386), 388, 449

Bousin, Capt, 426

Bowser, Col C., 36n

Bowyer-Smith, Capt Sir Philip, 180

Brallos Pass (Sketches pp. 82, 147, 156), 80, 83, 129, 134, 136, 138, 139, 183, 255

dispositions, 140-41, 142, 148, 149, 153

Vasey’s orders, 143

artillery engagement at, 145-7

rearguard at, 155-8

German account, 158-9

Brand, WO2 D., 157-8

Brauchitsch, Field Marshal Walther von, 50, 51

Brauer, Colonel, 284, 285, 286, 292, 293

Breakspear, Pte H. W., 506

Bremner, Lt L. D., 487

Bridgeford, Lt-Gen W., 34n

Bridges, Maj-Gen Sir William, 554

Bright, Cpl F. G., 363, 487

Britain, Great, 111, 132, 210, 335, 518, 547, 559

and Greece, 1, 2, 3, 5-6, 8, 9-10, 190-1, 192, 193, 214

relations with Turkey, 11, 534

with Yugoslavia, 13, 15, 24, 25, 26-7, 28

Dominion consultation, 14-15, 16-21, 194, 328-9, 553

and Iraq, 197, 199

relations with Arabs, 322-4

and Syria, 323-4, 331, 513, 524

relations with French, 324-5, 326, 330, 515, 516, 517, 519

Lend-Lease aid to, 530

reinforcement of Middle East, 8, 531, 541

and Persia, 531-3

Middle East strategy, 533, 534, 551, 555

reinforcement of Far East, 15, 549

proposed invasion of Sicily, 553

British Air Force, 6, 319, 538

in Greece, 1, 9-10, 17, 44, 70, 83, 133, 149-50, 152

in close support in Albania, 5

strength and distribution, 18, 22-3, 28, 37

withdrawn to Athens airfields, 83

personnel strength, 181n, 183

losses, 183

relations with army, 195

strength in Middle East, 8, 320

in Crete, 219, 220, 231, 232, 242, 247n, 265n, 266, 302

strength and dispositions, 206-7, 214

losses, 316

in Iraq, 200, 201

at Malta, 531

in Syria, 322, 335, 344, 391, 441, 468, 479, 480, 527, 528-9

– Air Ministry Experimental Station: No. 220, 283

– Armoured Car Companies: No. 2, 440n

– Flying Training Schools: No. 4, 200

– Squadrons

No. 11, 22n

No. 30, 22n, 206-7, 214

No. 33, 22n, 207, 214

No. 37, 22n

No. 38, 22n

No. 45, 528-9

No. 80, 22n, 207, 214

No. 84, 22n

No. 112, 22n, 207, 214

No. 113, 22n

No. 203, 207

No. 208, 22n

No. 211, 22n

No. 230, 214: No. 244, 200

– Wings

Eastern, in Greece, 22n, 80

Western, 22n

British Army, 1, 2, 523

strength and employment in Middle East, 6-7, 320, 321n, 531, 540-1, 551

allotment of commands, 21-2, 151, 527, 554-5

in Greece

strength, 17, 28, 182, 192

losses, 183

consultation with Greeks, 194-5

staff talks with Yugoslav Army, 24-5, 26-7

relations with R.A.F., 195

in Iraq, 198

in Crete, 203-5, 312

strength, 213-14, 315. losses, 315n, 316

artillery and engineer shortages in, 216, 535

in Syria, 515, 516, 518-19, 528, 534-6

strength, 526

press censorship, 525, 526

tactical doctrines, 536-7

officering of, 556, 557n, 558

cooperation with Dominion contingents, 552-5

– Armies

Eighth, 549

Ninth, 544-5, 548

– Commands

British Troops in Egypt, 527

Middle East Command, 302, 303

Palestine Area, 545

British Troops in Palestine and Transjordan, 326, 544, 548

– Corps: X, 544

– Forces

Creforce, 210, 218n, 219, 243, 248, 249, 280

strength and dispositions, 213, 214

equipment, 215, 216-17, 220, 316-17

Habforce, 414, 440-1, 442, 466, 467n, 478, 510, 515, 532

Isthmus Force, 153, 163, 167

Layforce, 244, 247, 249, 253, 255, 295, 296, 297, 299, 304, 305

Lee Force, 99

Lister Force, 180

Lustre Force, 24

selection of commander, 21-2

assembly in Greece, 30-33

shortages, 36-7

decision to embark, 131-3

departure of senior officers, 151-2, 155

strength in Greece and number embarked, 181n

Pemberton Force, 180

Transjordan Frontier Force, 201, 391, 394, 467n, 515

Western Desert Force, 151, 549

– Groups

W Group

in Greece, 43, 56, 77, 80, 90, 129n, 139, 143, 145, 155, 158, 160, 177

planned deployment, 36

splitting of headquarters, 37

command problems, 44, 54-5

cooperation with Greek Army, 65, 76-9, 81

orders to 1 Armd Bde, 103, 104

embarkation from Greece, 143-4, 162-3

precipitate closure of headquarters, 168

– Divisions, Armoured

increases in, 530-31

2nd, 7, 8, 37, 70, 93, 197, 204, 320

7th, 7, 320

10th, 531

– Divisions, Cavalry: 1st, 320, 327, 467n

– Divisions, Infantry: establishment, 541

5th, 541

6th, 7, 320, 321n

in Syria, 414, 417, 442, 467, 477, 510, 513, 515, 535

becomes 70th Div, 544

50th, 8, 531, 534, 541

70th, 544

– Brigades, Armoured And Cavalry

1st, 17, 23, 211

composition of, 30

in Greece, 32-3, 34, 35, 42, 58, 72, 74, 77, 79, 82, 87, 89, 110, 111, 143, 152, 162, 165, 168, 169, 170, 175, 176, 181n

at Vevi, 44, 46, 47, 53, 59

at Proasteion, 66-9

placed under command Anzac Corps, 81

misunderstanding with Savige Force, 103-4

tank and equipment losses, 69, 90

tank strength, 141

3rd, 197

4th Cavalry

at Habbaniya, 201

in Syria, 478, 510, 535

at Palmyra, 440-1

composition of, 467n

becomes 9th Armd Bde, 532

5th Cavalry, 467n

6th Cavalry, 467n

9 Armd, 532

– Brigades, Infantry:

14th

in Crete, 203, 204, 206, 210, 211, 212, 213, 219, 280n

16th, 210

in Crete, 215, 238

in Syria, 392, 400, 413, 414, 418-19, 430, 432, 439, 442, 509

23rd, 535n

at Merdjayoun, 451, 467, 477, 509

Composite Brigade, in Crete, 248, 249, 250, 251

– Regiments, Armoured And Cavalry:

Cheshire Yeo, in Syria, 343, 344, 351, 352, 366, 388-9, 390, 402, 405, 452, 461, 463, 467n, 480, 505

Household Cavalry, 440n, 441, 466

3rd Hussars, 225, 280n, 299, 300, 307

4th Hussars, 30n, 33n, 42, 67, 68, 90, 141, 143, 149, 152, 161, 162, 165, 166, 167, 169, 171, 177n, 178, 180

losses in Greece, 183n

North Somerset Yeo, 477

Notts Yeo, 313

Royals, 338n, 349, 350

3rd Royal Tank, 30n, 33n, 35, 43, 57, 67, 68, 79, 135n, 141, 143, 152, 163, 171n, 178

losses in Greece, 90, 183n

7th Royal Tank, 256n, 280n

Scots Greys, 338n, 388, 395, 397, 398, 399, 400, 401, 404, 408n, 443, 449, 467n

Staffs Yeo, 338n, 398, 400, 467n

Warwickshire Yeo, 440, 441

Wiltshire Yee, 440, 466

Yorkshire Dragoons, 403, 467n

– Regiments, Artillery:

Anti-aircraft:

2nd Hvy, 33n, 163

151 Hvy Bty, 204

234 Hvy Bty, 204

52nd Light, 204

57th Light, 338n, 404n

122 Light Bty, 165

156 Light Bty, 204, 280n

159 Light Bty, 204

170 Light Bty, 452n

171 Light Bty, 399n.

Anti-tank:

102nd

in Greece, 30n, 33n, 68, 69, 77, 89, 90, 141, 170, 176-7

losses, 183n

in Crete, 212, 216, 219, 226n, 248, 250, 251

Royal Horse Artillery:

2 Regt

in Greece, 30n, 33n, 43, 57, 59, 60, 62, 64n, 67, 68, 90, 141, 155, 170

losses, 183n

106 Regt, 183n, 212, 216, 219, 232, 243n, 250

Field Regiments:

1st, 338n, 373, 394, 418, 419, 421, 477n

4th, 477n

237 Bty, 440n

239 Bty, 440n

Medium Regts:

7th, in Greece, 33n, 86, 183n; in Crete, 210, 212, 213, 216, 219, 279, 280n, 283, 286; at Damour, 503

64th, in Greece, 33n, 35, 43, 44, 53, 64, 79, 86, 123, 141, 183n

212 Bty, 481

234 Bty, 280n, 283

– Regiments, Infantry: 196

1/Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders

in Crete, 215, 219, 241, 243, 244, 287, 288-9, 290, 293, 310

casualties, 315n

2/Black Watch

in Crete, 206, 219, 279, 280n, 281-2, 284, 285, 286, 289, 292, 310

casualties, 315n

1/Essex, 201, 440, 441, 466, 478

2/King’s Own, in Syria, 413, 418, 430, 447, 448, 449, 451, 467n

2/Leicester

in Crete, 215, 219, 220, 279, 280, 283, 284, 286, 287, 288, 289

casualties, 315n

in Syria, 418, 430, 431, 433

2/Queen’s, 215n, 237, 238, 251n

in Syria, 400, 407, 413, 418, 430, 433, 436, 438, 510

1/Rangers

in Greece, 30, 33n, 65n, 69, 104, 141, 148, 162, 169, 170, 176

at Vevi, 44, 47, 48, 53, 56-7, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 64

at Sotir, 67, 68; casualties, 183n

in Crete, 212, 219, 226, 238, 243, 244, 248, 250, 251, 265, 266, 267

casualties, 315n

1/Royal Fusiliers, 338n

in Syria, 356, 391, 394, 402, 406, 417n, 419, 424, 439n, 477

casualties, 430n

1/Sherwood Foresters, 318

1/Welch

in Crete, 213, 218, 219, 225, 226, 238, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 308

casualties, 315n

2/York and Lancaster

in Crete, 219, 279, 280n, 283, 284, 286, 287, 288

casualties, 315n

– Base Sub-Area

80: 180, 143

82: 143

Athens, 150

– Engineers: 88, 165

Field Companies

42nd, 280n, 300

292nd, 103

580th Army Troops Coy, 74

– Medical

189 Fd Ambulance, 280n

7 Gen Hospital, 221, 225

26 Gen Hospital, 161, 182

Nurses

evacuation from Greece, 164

– Military Missions: 12, 30, 44, 132n

– Ordnance: 266

– Pioneer Corps: 150, 172

– Searchlight Units: 304 Battery, 204

– Special Service Battalions: 16n

“A” Battalion, in Crete, 243, 251, 297

“C” Battalion, 318

in Syria, 342, 346, 360, 364-5, 367

“D” Battalion, 253

British Broadcasting Corporation, 189, 272, 512, 525

British Commonwealth, and Greek Campaign, 192, 194

integration of forces, 551-2, 553, 554-5

British Government: 25n

Eden-Dill Mission to Middle East, 9-14

appointment of Minister of State to Middle East, 525

– War Cabinet, 151, 214

dominance by Prime Minister, 15, 193-4

Defence Committee, 327-8

– Departments:

Admiralty, 298, 305

Foreign Office, 214, 321

War Office, 4-5, 70n, 202, 204, 209, 321, 322, 326, 327, 328, 525, 536, 540, 541, 542, 554-5

British Navy, 150, 220, 313

in Greece, 44

pre-campaign assurances, 20-1

– Mediterranean Fleet, 9

at Matapan, 23

in evacuation of Greece, 160-1, 163-4, 170-1, 172-3, 174-5, 176, 177, 179

at Kalamata, 180-1

losses, 175

bombards Tripoli, 202

in Battle of Crete, 227, 228, 233, 238-9, 291-2, 294, 297-8, 299-300, 301, 302, 305-6

losses, 239, 317-18

strength, 305, 320

supports Syrian invasion, 335, 350, 365, 367, 379n, 391, 413, 468, 473, 480, 488, 527

air force protection, 529

7th Cruiser Squadron, 239

15th Cruiser Squadron, 335

– Fleet Air Arm, 320

in Greece, 22-3

in Syria, 335n, 413

No. 805 Squadron, 207, 214

– Mobile Naval Base Depot Organisation

in Crete, 204, 212. 213, 215, 219

losses, 315n

– Royal Marines

in Crete, 204, 226, 231, 238, 243n, 248, 250, 280n, 299, 300, 302, 303, 304, 305, 308

casualties, 315, 316

British Historical Section, 193n

Brorren, Capt C. B., 350

Brock. Capt B., 186

Broumane (Sketch p. 516), 544

Brown, Pte C., 268

Brown, Capt C. K., 433, 434, 438n

Brown, Gnr E. S., 147

Brown, Air Vice-Marshal Sir Leslie, 335

Brown. Capt T., 355

Brown, Maj T. B., 397

Bruce, Rt Hon Viscount. 318, 328

Brunskill, Brig G. S., 22, 29-30, 33n, 144n, 210, 317n

coordination of command in Greece, 44

Bryce, Lt J. K., 373n

Bryne, Sgt J., 460, 461

Buchecker, Sgt H. R., 312

Buckingham, Gnr B., 444

Buckingham, L-Cpl J. R., 74

Buckler, Cpl H. A., 347

Buckler, Lt-Col S. H., 347n, 378

Buckley, Lt-Col A. A., 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 186, 190

Buderis, Cpl T. A., 473

Buderus, Sgt L. E. G., 422n

Bulgaria, 2, 3, 5, 8, 10, 11n, 13, 25, 26, 39, 191, 192

Germans enter, 12, 49

strength in, 18n, 27, 37, 184

becomes German dependency, 24

territorial promises, 48

Bull, Maj M. A., 302

Burbidge, WO1 T., 487

Burckhardt, Capt, 285

Burns, Cpl P., 465

Burns, Tom, 174n

Burr, Capt F. S., 471

Burrows, Brig 4. T., 236

Burston, Maj V. C., 297, 299, 302, 305

Burt, Lt S. F., 447

Burzacott, Sgt W. R., 494

Btrrler, Maj W. G., 386, 506, 507

Buttercup Field (Map p. 282), 281, 283, 285

Burntose, Brig A. W., 396, 403, 404, 447

Buxton, Lt D. R., 378

Byrne, Lt-Col J. H., 355

–C–

Cadiri (Sketch p. 296), 296

Cairo, 6, 8, 9, 18, 20, 32, 83, 195, 197, 207, 210, 211, 214, 215, 244, 254, 271, 290, 298, 301, 303, 320, 322, 335, 340, 478, 513, 519, 525, 556, 560

press censorship at, 561-2

Calcutta, British cruiser, 160, 298

loss of, 318

Caldwell, Lt-Col W. B., 115, 116, 117, 118, 127

Caldro, Co G. J., 41n

Cameron, Lt G. L., 476

Cameron, Pte K. D., 120

Camm, Pte R., 445n

Camm, Capt R. A., 445, 449, 450, 451

Camouflage, 258

Campbell, Pte C. C., 67n

Campbell, Brig I. R., 86, 149, 234, 238, 243, 254, 259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 269, 271, 272, 277, 278, 279, 310

placed in command at Retimo, 256

disposes force, 257-8

proposes surrender, 273-5

Campbell, Sir Ronald, 12

Campbell, Cpl R. K., 354

Campbell, Col T. C., 222

Canadian Army, 531

establishment of Overseas force, 541

officering of, 557n. Canadian Kent Corps Troops, 42

Canberra, 549, 559

Canea (Map p. 218), 203, 206, 207, 208, 210, 212, 214, 217, 221, 224, [.227ff], 238, 239, 240, 241, 243, 244, 248, 249, 250, 251, 254, 255, 258, 265, 266, 267, 279, 313

population, 202

dispositions at 218, 219, 226n

Canet, Col L. G., 341n

Cann, Maj S. B., 73, 128

Cannon, Lt-Col W. G., 378, 452, 456, 490, 494

Cape Of Good Hope, 8

Carlisle, British cruiser, 170, 238, 239, 488n

Caro, Lt-Col A. E., 349, 360. 364, 380, 382, 485, 486, 487, 489

Carroll, Maj K. A., 161, 162

Carroll, Sgt S. L., 311

Carson. Sgt A. L., 120

Carstairs, Lt R. J., 461

Carter, Capt A. G. G., 265n

Carter, Pte B. B., 312

Casey, Rt Hon R. G., 328

Caspian Sea, 544

Casseau, Colonel. 393, 420, 427

Castellorizo Island, 16

Castle Hill (Map p. 386), 445

Casualties, medical cooperation in treatment of, 265, 266n, 269, 270n, 290, 486n

Australian

in Greece, 122n, 134, 167, 183

in Crete, 252, 266n, 275, 283, 292n, 315n, 316

in Syria, 363. 384, 386n, 390, 409, 411, 438n, 446, 451n, 458, 468, 476n, 489n, 508

totals, 526

British

in Greece. 183

in Crete, 315n, 316, 318

in Syria, 407, 526

in Persia, 533

French, in Syria, 407, 526

German

at Servia, 87, 93

at Pinios, 127

at Thermopylae, 159

at Corinth, 167

total in Greece, 182

in Crete, 240, 252, 255

at Retimo, 275

at Heraklion, 285, 286

totals, 316

in attempted seaborne invasion, 233

Greek, at Kastelli, 227, 240

Indian

in Syria, 430n, 480, 526

in Persia. 533

New Zealand

in Greece, 87, 97, totals, 183

in Crete, 222, 252

totals, 315n, 316

Catroux, General G., 321, 324n, 358, 418, 513, 514, 515, 516, 517, 518. 519

urges Free French advance on Damascus, 322, 326-7

Caucasus, 530, 531, 534, 538, 544

Cavalla (Sketch p. 39), 51

Cavallero, General, 331

Cemetery Hill (Sketch p. 245), 230, 232

Cemetery Ridge (Heraklion), 289

Censorship, in Middle East, 525, 526, 560-2

Cesme (Sketch p. 187), 186, 188

Cesmes (Map p. 258), 264

Chard, Col B. T. R., 341n

Chakmak, Marshal, I In

Channell, Capt D. R., 259, 261, 263, 276

Chaoub El Hass, Jebel (Sketch p. 416), 429

Chapman, Maj-Gen J. A., 341, 491, 499, 502

Chappel, Mai-Gen B. H., 204, 219, 283, 286, 290, 293-4

placed in command at Heraklion, 213

problems, 279-80

Charlesworth, Cpl A. E., 488

Charlies, The (Map p. 282), 279, 281

Charrington, Brig H. V. S., 33, 35, 59, 66, 68, 69, 74, 89, 90, 103, 104, 141, 148, 162, 170, 176, 177

Chateau De Beaufort (Sketch p. 353), 354

Chauvel, General Sir Harry, 542n

Chebaa (Map p. 386; Sketch p. 343), 343, 344, 371, 447, 477

Chehab (Sketch p. 357), 356

Chehim (Sketch p. 462), 461, 463, 464, 475

Chester, Maj R. R., 88, 89

Chilton, Brig F. O., 42, 85, 97, 106-7, 113, 115, 116-17, 118-19, 186, 187-8, 190, 336n

Chios Island (Sketch p. 4), 52, 185, 186. 188

Christofini, Fort (Sketch p. 396), 395-6, 403

Christopherson, Maj F. A., 456

Chrystall, Maj-Gen J. I., 515, 520

Churchill, Maj R. F. E. S., 525

Churchill, Rt Hon Sir Winston, 7, 8, 9, 13, 18, 328, 359, 512, 531

aid to Greece, 2, 6, [. 14n], 19

promises naval reinforcement of Pacific, 5

in British War Cabinet, 15, 193-4

seeks assurances before committing Dominion troops to Greece, 16, 17

hopes of Balkan front, 25, 27, 192, 555

and evacuation of Greece, 112-13, 131-2, 132-3

orders naval bombardment of Tripoli, 202

defence of Crete, 203, 207, 220, 241

proposes Freyberg as commander, 208

equipment of force, 210, 215

and de Gaullist movement, 321

approves proposed Free French advance into Syria, 322, 326-7

informs Menzies of decision to invade Syria, 329

transfers Wavell to India, 523-4

appoints Minister of State to Middle East, 525

organisation of British Army, 536

and proposed invasion of Sicily, 553n

Ciano, Count, 11n

Cincar-Markovic, M, 25

Ciphers, in Crete, 242-3, 254

City of London, British transport, 173n, 174

Clan Fraser, British transport, 40

Clark, Capt C. A., 444

Clark, Lt-Gen J. G. W., 440, 441, 466, 478

Clarke, Cpl A., 407

Clarke, Maj A. J., 397, 493

Clarke, Lt A. W., 459n

Clarke, Lt F. L., 266

Cleaver, Lt E. H. R., 259

Clennett, Maj B. G., 427, 428n

Clifton, Brig G. H., 99, 149, 177

Clowes, Lt-Gen C. A., 34n, 95-6, 97, 549

Coakley Lt J. B., 411

Codes, German

at Retimo, 260, 264

at Heraklion, 283-4

Cot De Yafour (Sketch p. 416), 477

Cole, Gnr J. W., 312, 313

Coles, Pte G. T., 63

Colless, Pte O. W., 363

Collet, Colonel, 327, 335, 338, 373, 391, 394, 427

Collins, Maj-Gen R. J., 523n

Colour Patches, 336n

Colquhoun, Capt C. T., 108

Col’S Knoll, 399, 450

Col’S Ridge (Map p. 386), 397, 399, 449

Colvin. Lt-Col F. B., 243, 305, 307

Communists, 24, 186

Comte, Sgt, 427

Conkey, Maj H. S., 57, 62

Connal. Lt, 402

Connolly, Pte P. E., 349n

Connor, Capt G. B., 353-4

Conrad, General, 228

Constable, Pte G. N., 347

Constanta (Sketch p. 4), 49

Coombes, Lt-Col C. J. A., 59, 60, 61

Cooper, Capt L. C., 301

Copeman, Lt J., 424, 426, 428

Copland, Maj J. S., 62, 63, 64, 67

Copp, Maj W. D., 372, 373, 404

Corby, Lt-Col J. A., 443

Corinth (Map p. 34), 162, 163, 164, 169, 173n, 177n, 183, 188, 197, 228, 275, 336

Isthmus force, 153

reinforcement of, 163

dispositions at, 161-2, 165-6

action at, 166-7

effect on embarkation plans, 168

Corinth, Gulf Of, 140, 142, 149, 166, 169

Costa Rica, Dutch transport, 173n, 174-5, 211

Cotton, Cpl, 402

Cotton, Lt-Col T. R. W., 353, 354, 368, 396, 404, 548n

Coulam, Pte C., 167

Courage, Lt-Col J. H., 160, 170, 179

Courtney, Lt-Col W. J., 356n

Coventry, British cruiser, 164, 298, 335

Cowan, Maj R. W. T., 496

Cowdery, Maj G. D., 346

Cox, Brig C. H. V., 289

Coyle, Capt G., 116

Crafter. Maj J. G., 383, 384

Craig, Lt N. W., 259, 262

Cramp, Capt R. T., 377

Crawford, Capt A. A., 126

Crawford, Capt A. D., 53n, 64

Cremor, Brig C. E., 156, 157, 218, 219, 297n

Cretan Police, 256n, 263, 276, 277, 278

Crete, 6, 22, 23, 65n, 113, 139, 152, 174, 179n, 182, 185, 186, 188, 189, 201, 320, 321, 326, 327, 335, 392, 419, 470, 523, 524, 530, 533, 537, 540n, 544, 554, 555, 562

Greek Government established, 153, 207

strategic value, 197

topography, 202-3

British garrison, 1, 203-4, 209-10, 210-14, 217-19, 527

reinforcement of, 202, 205-7, 215. 243, 287

Freyberg assumes command, 208-9

strength of contingents in. 210, 214, 315, 336

supply of, 217, 237, 239

campaign in, 221-329

attempted seaborne invasion, 233

decision to evacuate, 254

escapes, 307-15

casualties, 315-16

naval losses, 318, 319

German strength and losses, 316

see also Heraklion, Maleme-Suda, Retimo

Crimea, 549

Crna River (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 45), 47, 53

Croatia, 48, 94

Crombie, Capt W. M., 444, 476

Crook, Lt L. C., 465, 506

Cruickshank, Maj R. M., 386

Cullen, Maj H. D.

see Copp, W. D.

Cullen, Lt-Col P. A., 185, 186, 190

Cumpston, Capt J. S., 548n

Cunningham, Admiral of the Fleet Viscount, 83, 151, 239, 318, 319, 327, 553n

views on Greek expedition, 9, 193

and embarkation of force, 20-21, 151, 181

takes up Italian challenge at Matapan, 23

bombardment of Tripoli, 202

dispositions to meet threat of seaborne invasion of Crete, 227

and evacuation of Crete, 298, 303, 305

appeals for air reinforcement of Mediterranean, 320

allots naval forces for Syrian campaign, 335

estimate of Wavell, 524

Cunningham, General Sir Alan, 21, 549

Cunnington, Col E. A., 273, 274

Curson, Pte G., 348

Curtin, Rt Hon 3., 19

becomes Prime Minister, 543

Curtis, Maj H. T., 558n

Cutler, Lt A. R., VC, 444-6, 448, 487

Cvetkovic, M., 25

Cypriot Pioneers, 492

in Greece, 137, 161, 165, 178, 180

strength and losses, 182-3

in Crete, 213, 253, 304, 312

Cyprus, 208, 313, 319, 329, 530, 537, 553

garrison of, 318, 335, 533-4

Fleet Air Arm based on, 335n, 413

Cyrenaica, 7, 8, 9, 14n, 30, 41, 106, 193, 234, 349

British offensive in, 2, 4

halted, 6

German offensive, 16, 37, 197, 202

effect of aid to Greece on, 193. 523, 524

Czechoslovakia, 24

Czernawoda (Sketch p. 4), 49

–D–

Dadion, Greek airfield, 228

Dadswell, Cpl L., 428n

Dafna (Map p. 386), 343, 368

Dakar, 330

Dalamiye, Ed (Map p. 482), 489

D’Albiac, Air Marshal Sir John, 26, 112, 131, 207

employs air force in close support in Albania, 5

strength of air force allotted for Greek campaign, 22, 37

opposes establishment of joint headquarters in single building, 33n

withdraws air force to Athens airfields, 83

orders withdrawal of air force to Crete, 149-50

commands air force in Palestine and Transjordan, 200

Dale, Maj R., 90

Daley, Cpl W., 490

Dalmatia, 94

Daly, Brig R., 387

Damascus (Map p. 339; Sketches pp. 393, 416), 201, 333, 334, 338, 344, 352, 374, 413, 414, 430, 432, 441, 446, 449, 465, 467, 468, 474, 478, 510, 515, 517, 519, 523, 534, 546, 548

airfield at, 322

proposed Free French advance on, 326-7

Allied advance to, 356-8, 390-91, 400, 403, 406-7, 415-18, 419-27

capture of, 427-9

French counter-attack, 393-5, 401, 412

Allied dispositions, 477

see also Barada Gorge, Mazar, Jebel

Damour (Map p. 482; Sketches pp. 500, 504), 439n, 477n, 513

policy at, 412-13, 418-19

advance to, 460-2, 464, 469-74

defences at, 473, 528-9

orders for capture, 480-1

battle of, 482-505

casualties, 489n

French account, 510

Damour River, 469, 470, 471, 472, 482, 501, 529

Danube River (Sketch p. 51), 48, 49

Daphni, 31, 178n

Daqoun (Map p. 482), 503, 505

Daqoun, Wadi (Map p. 482), 480, [.490ff], 495, 497, 498, 500, 501

Daraya (Damour area Map p. 482), 470, 484, [.489ff], 496, 497, 505

Daraya (Rharife area; Sketch p. 462), 461, 464, 475, 476

Dare Es Sim (Sketch p. 381), 380, 382, 383

Darlan, Admiral, 325, 329-30, 331, 511

Davis, Lt M. H., 354, 368-70, 507, 508

Dawson, Lt-Col R. B., 299

Dawson, W. D., 227n

Day, Lt G. M., 308

Dean, Capt A. C., 496

Dean, Capt H. A., 161, 165, 166

Debbine (Map p. 386), 388n, 398, 408, 445

Debbine Valley, 397

Decoy, British destroyer, 164, 180, 226n

Deeley, Cpl L D. 458

Defender, British destroyer, 173n, 174, 180, 298

De Gaulle, General Charles, 321, 322, 332, 337, 358, 466

and invasion of Syria, 325, 326, 327, 328

ambitions in Syria, 516, 518-19

fails to rally Vichy French troops, 525, 528

De Guingand, Maj-Gen Sir Francis, 10n, 11n, 524

Dam Ali (Sketch p. 374), 374

Deir Ez Zor (Sketches pp. 466, 478), 478, 479, 535

capture of, 466

Desk Kanoun (Sketch p. 416), 429, 439, 477

Darn Mar Jorjos (Map p. 482), 481, 491, 493, 498, 499, 500, 504

Dane Mimess (Map p. 386; Sketch p. 353), 355, 370

Dair Suneid, 335, 340

Delhomme, General, 334, 412

Delphi Pass (Sketches pp. 82, 147), 80, 142, 149, 158, 164

Delves, Lt W. P., 261

De Meyrick, Lt J. J., 63, 67

Demolitions, British, in Greece, 74, 83-4, 103, 106, 109, 110, 125, 126, 136-7, 138n, 149, 157, 165, 166

efficacy of, 84n, 142, 196

in Crete, 297. French, in Syria, 347, 351, 387

Deny, Maj J., 350

Dentz, General Henri, 327, 334, 356, 358, 390n, 469, 480n, 514, 516, 522, 526

attitude to German encroachment in Syria, 321-2, 326, 330-1, 332

becomes High Commissioner, 324

defends policy of resistance to British advance, 331

and armistice negotiations, 414, 511-13

arrest of, 520-21

Deraa (Map p. 339; Sketch p. 357), 326, 338, 344, 391, 393, 400, 403, 412, 415, 418, 419, 467n

capture of, 356-7

Deskati (Sketch p. 78), 47, 99n, 102, 128

Dhar El Moughara (Map p. 482), 480

Diamond, British destroyer, 171

Dickson, Sgt T. J. M., 486

Dicte, Mount, 279

Dido, British cruiser, 233, 291, 292

Diffey, Maj S. C., 61

Dill, Field Marshal Sir John, 18, 151, 209, 442

accompanies Eden on Mission to Middle East, 6

at Athens Conference, 9-11

urges withdrawal of Greek forces from Eastern Macedonia, 12

views on Greek expedition, 14n, 15, 16, 17, 193

confers with Yugoslav leaders, 26, 27

and invasion of Syria, 321, 327

proposes employment of mobile columns from Iraq, 391

Dilwarra, British transport, 173n, 174

Dilworth, WO2 C. E. J., 364

Dimas (Sketch p. 509), 510, 535

Discipline, AIF, in Greece, 129-30, 151, 165, 171-2, 172-3, 174

in Crete, 212, 297, 306-7

in Syria, 545-7

Disher, Brig H. C., 36n

Dittmer, Brig G., 224, 236, 251, 252n

Djedeide, 535

Djerablous (Sketch p. 478), 479

Diezireh, 535n

Djournieh, 521

Dnieper River, 530

Dodd, Maj R. W. P., 446

Dodecanese Islands, 4, 16, 31, 186, 197, 293, 316, 318, 520, 533-4

Doiran (Map p. 34), 26, 27, 29, 34, 41, 42

Doiran, Lake, 27, 40

Doiran-Nestos Lane (Sketch p. 4), 4, 27

Papagos urges manning of, 25, 34

German attack on, 39-40

Dolikhe (Sketch p. 55), 47

Domenikon (Sketch p. 124), 99n, 123

Dominions, 530, 558

consultation with Great Britain, 14-15, 16-21, 132-3, 194, 328-9

attitude to Greek campaign, 191, 192

system of cooperation between, 552-5

Domokos (Sketch p. 82), 97, 99, 105, 106, 129, 138n

rearguard at, 82, 90, 111, 134, 135, 136-7

Donaldson, Pte A. T., 269

Donoghue, Lt T. J., 428, 431

Dossetor, Sgt O. R. C., 456

Dougherty, Maj-Gen I. N., 48, 62, 63, 67, 88, 287, 289, 556n

Dougherty, Sgt R. H., 459n

Douglas, Pte C. H., 464

Douglas, Sgt E. F. R., 488

Doummar (Sketch p. 416), 428, 429

Dower, Pte H. A., 456

Dowsett, L-Cpl A. E., 268

Drama (Sketch p. 45), 52

Drave River (Sketch p. 51), 50, 51, 71

Dredge, Lt R. A., 347

Druse Legion, 467n

Duff, Brig C. S. J., 101, 102

Duncan, Lt-Col A., 250, 251

Duncan, Lt W. J., 363

Duncan, Capt W. N., 60

Dundas, Lt K. I., 273

Dungey, Sgt P. B., 488

Dunkirk, 173

Dunlop, Lt-Col E. E., 164n

Dunlop, Maj J. W., 118

Dunn, Cpl B., 448

Dunn, Pte R. K., 120

Dunz, Capt, 285

Durrazo (Sketch p. 39), 23

Dusting, Cpl H. W., 361, 362n

Dwyer, Lt H. G., 373, 404

Dyke, Brig L. G. H., 218n

–E–

East Africa, 320, 554

East Beach (Map p. 282), 281

East Hill (Map p. 282), 283, 284, 286, 287, 292

East Wadi (Map p. 282), 281, 283, 284, 285, 286

Eather, Maj-Gen K. W., 555

Eden, Rt Hon A., 17, 18, 132, 321

warns of German threat to Balkans, 2

visits Middle East, 6

at Athens conferences, 9, 10n, 11n, 12

consults Turkish leaders, 11

urges Yugoslavia to join Allies, 13, 26

advocates expedition to Greece, 16

Edessa (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 4), 3, 10, 27, 29, 30, 33, 35, 36, 42, 43, 70, 94

Edgar, Brig C. R. V., 138, 336n

Edmonds, Brig-Gen Sir James, 557n, 558n

Edwards, Lt A. D., 135

Edwards, Lt R. A., 377, 382

Egger, Lt, 285

Egypt, 2, 3, 7, 15, 22, 30, 32, 71, 125n, 133, 151, 191, 194, 197, 200, 205, 206, 207, 208, [.211ff], 232, 261n, 278, 287, 292, 293, 302, 307, 308, 309, 311, 312, 316n, 317, 322, 358, 391, 392, 442, 537, 541, 543, 557n, 559, 561

Ekhinos (Sketch p. 45), 39, 40, 52

Elafonsis Islands, 312

Elasson (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 124), 35, 36, 40, 44, 67n, 82, 83, 84, 99, 105, 109, 113, 128, 143, 158, 232n

rearguard at, 99n, 101-2, 122, 123-4

Elatia (Map p. 106; Sketch p. 96), 97

Eleusis (Sketch p. 145), 150, 151, 164.5, 169, 228

Elevtherokhorion (Map p. 38), 102

Elia (Sketch p. 127), 108

Elliott, Brig C. M. L., 34n, 548

Elphick, Lt W. T., 363

Elvy, Pte C. J., 268

Embrey, Lt-Col F. J., 156, 157, 158, 263, 265, 267, 312-13

Empire Air Training Scheme, 542

Engert, Cornelius van H., 512

Enipeus River (Sketch p. 136), 128

Enterprise, British cruiser, 532

Epirus, 14, 76, 131, 132, 140, 142, 156, 158, 183, 195

Greek surrender in, 133, 142

Equipment, problems of supply between Allies, 77

Aust, 107, 548-9

use of captured French equipment, 517, 518

British

destruction in Greece, 144-5, 170, 172, 173

compared to German, 196

shortages in Crete, 205-6, 210, 212, 215, 218, 220, 256n, 280n

French, supply to Iraq, 330, 331, 332

Greek, 5, 33, 41, 42, 54, 81, 207, 218

Erbil (Sketch p. 198), 201

Erithrai (Sketch p. 175), 155, 158

covering force at, 144, 148, 162, 168, 169, 232n

Er Rama, 345, 398, 400, 401

Euboea Island (Map p. 34), 140, 141, 142, 148, 186, 189, 190

Euphrates River (Map p. 339; Sketch p. 199), 200, 201, 440, 441, 479-80, 515, 531n, 534, 535

Europe, 552, 554, 558

Evangelismos (Map p. 106; Sketch p. 127), 107, 115, 117, 118, 122, 127

Evans, Capt A., 506

Evans, WO2 F. P., 116

Evans, Lt-Col F. R., 399

Everett, Pte W. H., 438

Evetts, Lt-Gen J. F., 254, 298, 414, 417, 418-19, 420, 429, 430, 431, 439, 467, 477, 509, 510, 514

Ezraa (Sketches pp. 334, 395), 338, 344, 357, 358, 394, 400, 403, 407, 412

–F–

Fadden, Rt Hon Sir Arthur, 15, 16, 19, 25

becomes Prime Minister, 542

Fairbairn, Lt T. C., 86

Falconer, Brig A. S., 217

Falla, Capt J. St H., 88, 289

Falluja (Sketch p. 199), 201

Far East, 544n

reinforcement of, 549-50, 562

Farmer, Capt J. G., 348

Farnington, Maj C. J., 34n

Farquhar, Maj E. A., 505

Farran, Maj R. A., 246

Fascism, 323

Fatigue, in Syria, 453, 459, 529

Faulkner, Col N. W., 341n

Fawcett, Lt-Col G. H., 379

Feltham, Cpl E. J. A., 369-70

Fenton, Lt-Col A. G., 525, 561

Ferdisse (Sketch p. 396), 352, 371-3, 395, 396, 404

Ferguson, Capt J. B., 353

Ferguson, Lt J. L. D., 477n

Ferguson, Cpl W. C., 455

Fergusson, B., 287n, 428n

Festeqaniye, El (Map p. 482), 470

Fiennes, Lt-Col Sir Ranulph, 515, 520

Fiji, British cruiser, 215, 238, 318

Finlay, Col C. H., 484

Fiq (Sketch p. 334), 338, 356

Fitchett, Ian, 560

Fitzhardinge, Capt J. B., 310

Fitzsimons, Pte D. W., 268

Fiume, Italian cruiser, 23

Flamingo, British sloop, 173n

Flashman, Capt J. A. F., 121

Fleet Air Arm, see British Navy

Fleming, Lt-Col A. P., 61

Flint, Maj C. F., 387

Florence, Capt J. M., 370-1

Florina (Maps pp. 34, 66), 26, 27, 29, 34, 35, 36, 42, 43, 46, 54, 56, 67n, 70, 72, 76, 77, 81, 94, 104, 158

Flynn, Wo2 E. P., 422n

Forbes, Maj A. M., 297, 299, 305

Ford, Maj F. J. V., 261, 263, 273, 310

Formidable, British aircraft carrier, 23, 227

Forrester, Lt-Col M., 224, 237

Forster, Major, 255

Forty-Second Street, see Maleme-Suda

Four A Chaux (Map p. 482), 480

Fowler, Pte E., 362

France, 8, 11, 45, 49, 52, 57n, 132, 497, 515, 520, 530, 531, 545, 552, 558n, 562

relations with Axis powers, 322, 324-5, 329-32

with Arabs, 322-3

rule in Syria, 323-4

relations with Britain, 324-5, 326, 328, 332

Free French movement, 321, 519n, 524-5, 528

and cease-fire in Syria, 511-13

Frangokastelli (Sketch p. 203), 304

Fraser, Pte J. R., 268

Fraser, Lt-Col K. W., 100

Fraser, Rt Hon P., 20, 210, 215, 301, 303n, 541

Free French Division, proposed employment in Syria, 321-2, 326, 327

earmarked for invasion, 329

strength and composition, 334-5, 338n, 359, 526, role, 338, 344

in Syria, 430, 442, 465-6, 478, 509, 510, 512, 525, 528

advance to Damascus, 357, 373-4, 375, 390-1, 393, 394, 403, 407, 414, 415, 417, 418, 420, 421, 427

and administration of Acre Convention, 515-16, 517, 518, 535

relations with AIF, 468-9, 517-19

disbandment, 519

see also French Army

French Air Force, 331, 391

strength in Syria, 335

attacks on British Navy, 350, 413

on troops, 379n, 388, 421n, 479-80, 528

at Palmyra, 441, 466

French Army, in Syria, 328, 329, 524, 527

strength and dispositions, 325-6, 333-4, 358, 374, 390

at Damascus, 393, 426-7, 429

objectives of counterattack, 412

at Jebel Mazar, 439-40, 510

at Nebek, 466

at Damour, 474-80

surrender of, 511

Free French recruitment, 515-19

arrest of officers, 520-1

casualties, 526

see also Free French Division

– Regiments:

22nd Algerian, 358, 364, 374, 412, 451

29th Algerian, 412, 429, 451, 497, 510

6th Chasseurs d’Afrique, 358, 374

7th Chasseurs d’Afrique, 358, 374, 412, 426, 510

24th Colonial, 358, 374, 412, 426, 429, 439, 510

6th Foreign Legion, 333, 358, 374, 412, 426, 440, 441, 446, 448, 451, 452, 458n, 471, 477, 497, 510, 529

1st Moroccan Spahis, 348, 349, 358, 412, 429, 439, 510

17th Senegalese, 358, 412, 429, 439, 452, 464, 510

16th Tunisian, 358, 412, 451, 466n

French Navy, 513n

in Syrian campaign, 363, 413

Freyberg, Lt-Gen Lord, 40, 69, 82, 95, 97n, 98-9, 101, 109, 139, 141, 143, 148, 150n, 154, 155, 162, 167, 177, 203n, 212, 221, 225, 231, 232, 234, 237, 242, 243, 244, 249, 250, 251, 253, 260, 263, 265, 266, 267, 271, 272, 278, 290, 293, 295, 527

consultation with Wavell before Greek expedition, 17, 18-19, 20

seniority, 21, 554

reconnoitres Vermion–Olympus line, 33-5

and Anzac Corps proposals, 70n, 341, 539, 541, 544

at Pinios, 117, 119

during air attacks, 129, 135

orders units to retain all fighting equipment until embarkation, 145

disregards order to embark from Greece, 152

takes command in Peloponnese, 163, 168

embarks, 179

takes command in Crete, 208-9, 317

staff, 210-11

disposes Creforce, 213, 220

and Greek Government, 214-15

cables Creforce requirements, 215-16

cables reports on fighting to Wavell, 227, 241, 247-8, 254

embarks, 300-2

Friends Ambulance Unit, 174n

Frowen, Brig J. H., 210

–G–

Galatas (Map p. 218; Sketch p. 245), dispositions at, 218

operations round, 221, 224-6, 230, 231, 237, 243, 244, 245-7, 254

Galilee, Sea Of (Sketch p. 357), 467n

Gall, Capt J. M., 422, 426

Gallash, Capt F. E., 265n

Gallipoli, 69, 70n, 188

compared to Syria, 460

Galloway. Lt-Gen A., 22, 35, 46, 79, 204

assumes command at Merdjayoun, 451

Gambier-Parry, Maj-Gen M. 13., 204

Gamble, Col F. B., 341n

Gambling. in AIF, 547n

Gardikaki see Om

Gardiner, Pte L. N., 68n

Gardner, Capt L. G. 390

Garnier, General, 521n

Garrett, Brig A. R., 34n, 79, 91, 92

Garrett, Maj R., 238, 308

Gately, Capt J. C., 59

Gaunt, Maj D. C., 363

Gavdfios Island (Sketch p. 203), 309

Gaydhapoula Island, 308

Gaza, 188, 548n

Geddes, Lt R. G., 471, 472, 483

Geneva Convention, 215, 219n, 225n

Genin, Colonel, 394, 407

Gentry, Maj-Gen W. G., 208

George, King of Greece, 5, 13, 112, 131, 132, 150, 153, 212, 214-15, 226

Georgioupolis (Sketches pp. 203, 296), 218, 226, 232, 234, 235, 254, 296

Geranta (Map p. 38), 35, 36, 44

Gericke, Captain, 240

German Air Force, 4, 16, 240, 319, 327, 531

strength available for Greek campaign, 17-18, 37

attacks Piraeus, 40-1, 161

ordered to destroy Belgrade, 48

in Greece, 74, 80, 81, 83, 86, 90, 105, 115, 119, 120, 123, 125, 128, 129, 132, 133, 134, 135-6, 148, 149-50, 156, 162, 166, 176

attacks on shipping, 164, 171, 174

fails to exploit success, 130

tactical value, 195-6, 547n

in Iraq, 201, 332

in Crete, 242, 244, 265-6, 280-1, 292

deception of, 264, 283-4

strength in Mediterranean, 320

and use of Syrian airfields, 322, 329, 330, 331

role in war, 538

–Fourth Air Fleet, 227, 316

–Corps:

VIII Air, 227-8

in Crete, 233, 284, 285

XI Air, 219, 227-8

in Crete, 239, 284, 285, 292, 293

–Divisions

7th Air, composition, 228

in Crete, 229, 292, losses, 316

22 Airborne, 219

composition, 228-9

–Groups: Centre, 228, 229

East, 228, 229

West, 228-9

– Regiments, 56, 139, 142, 197

at Corinth, 165-7, 179

numbering of companies, 276n

1st Assault

composition, 228

in Crete, 229, 230, 233, 244, 247, 254

1 Parachute, in Crete, 284-6, 292-3

2nd Parachute

at Corinth, 166-7

in Crete, 229, 233, 243, 275, 276, 277, 284-6

3rd Parachute

in Crete, 229, 230, 240, 244, 254, 255, 276

German Army, 1, 3, 5, 10, 11, 14n, 188, 191, 195, 330, 331, 345

strength in Balkans, 2, 27, 37, 184

available for Greek campaign, 6, 17, 27-8, 49-50, 94, 184, 192

enters Bulgaria, 12, 13

takes offensive in Libya, 37, 197, 523

organisation of S.S. formations, 57n

time-table for invasion of Russia, 192-3

invades Russia, 441, 530, 549

– Armies

Second, composition of, 49-50

in Yugoslavia, 51-2, 71, 184

Twelfth, 39, 52n

composition, 48-50

in Greece, 94, 192

losses, 182

–Groups: First Armoured, 49, 51, 70

– Corps

XI Armoured, 49n

XIV Armd, 49n

XVIII Mountain, 50, 51, 52, 94

XXX Infantry, 50, 51, 52

40 Motorised, 50, 51, 52

in Greece, 70, 94, 142

41 Motorised, 49

46 Armoured, 49, 50, 71

49 Alpine, 49, 50

51 Infantry, 49, 50

–Divisions, Armoured

2nd, 50

in Greece, 70, 94, 126, 127, 128, 142, 143, 158, 184

5th, 49, 70

in Greece, 94, 126, 128, 142, 143, 158, 180, 183-4

8th, 49, 71, 94

9th, 50, 52

in Greece, 70, 71, 87, 93, 94, 126, 128, 143, 184

11th, 49, 94

14th, 49, 71, 94

16th, 50, 71

– Divisions, Infantry: 22nd, 227n

46th, 50, 184

50th, 50, 52, 184

72nd, 50

in Greece, 45, 52, 158, 184

73rd, 50

in Greece, 70, 94, 126, 183, 184

76th, 50, 184

79th, 49

101st, 49

132nd, 49

164th, 50

in Greece, 52, 184

183rd, 49

198th, 49, 184

294th, 49

“Graf Strachwitz” (Bulgarian), 49

– Divisions, Motorised

16th, 49

60th, 49

S.S. Leibstandarte “Adolf Hitler”, 50, 52

in Greece 57, 67n, 70, 71, 93, 126, 133, 142, 183, 184

S.S. “Reich”, 49

– Divisions, Mountain: 1st, 49

4th, 49

5th, 50, 52

in Greece, 94, 126, 142, 143, 184

in Crete, 228, 233, 240, 255, 264, 292, 317n

6th, 50

in Greece, 52, 70, 94, 126, 142, 143, 158, 184, 228, 255

– Regiments, Armoured: 3rd, 126

31st, 277

33rd, 71

– Regiments, Infantry: 11th, 93

125th, 50, 52

“Grossdeutchland”, 49

“Hermann Goering”, 49

– Regiments, Mountain

85th, in Crete, 239, 240n, 243, 246, 255, 297

100th, in Crete, 233-4, 239, 240, 243, 244, 247, 254, 255, 297, 307

131st, 127

141st, in Greece, 158-9

in Crete, 254, 255, 297

143rd, 126, 127

– Units

55th Motor Battalion, 159

95th Engineer Battalion, 240

112th Reconnaissance Unit, 126, 127

see also German Air Force

Germany, 1, 15, 16, 25, 49, 111, 182, 189, 197, 219n, 497, 518, 528, 562

and Greece, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9, 14, 133n

plans invasion of Russia, 6, 189, 441

campaign in, 523, 534, 538

relations with Turkey, 11, 327n, 534, 544

with Yugoslavia, 12, 24-5

and revolt in Iraq, 198, 199, 201-2

Middle East strategy, 201, 530, 531, 533-4

relations with French, 323-5, 329-30, 332

influence in Syria, 326, 327, 328, 331, 435

and Persia, 532

Gibbins, Capt G. W., 118

Gibson, Lt-Col J. T., 251

Gidley King, Lt G. B., 434, 436

Giles, Capt A. V., 387

Gilhoolv, Lt G. J. E., 399

Gill, G. H., 453n

Gilmour, Maj P. R., 110

Gilmour-Walsh, Lt A. H., 262

Githion (Sketch p. 145), 163

Giurgiu (Sketch p. 4), 49

Glasgow, Capt D., 501

Glasgow, Lt-Col D. D., 366, 367

Glasgow, Capt G., 501, 502

Glenearn, British transport, 161, 170

Glengyle, British transport, 160, 170, 174, 215, 298, 299. 335, 360

Glenroy, British transport, 238, 239, 243, 251n

Gloucester, British cruiser, 23, 31, 215

loss of, 238, 318

Glubb, Lt-Gen J. B., 324, 338, 466

Glyphada (Sketch p. 175), 141

Godfroy, Vice-Admiral R. E., 513

Goering, Field Marshal Hermann, 227

Gonnos (Map p. 106; Sketch p. 96), 99, 106, 107, 108, 113, 122, 126

Gooch, Col Sir Robert, 441

Gooch, Brig T. N., 153

Goodwin, Capt H. K. H., 304, 305, 307n

Gook, Capt W. W., 267, 268, 269

Gordon, Sgt J. H., VC, 508

Gordon, Maj R. K., 165

Gordon, Brig R. R., 406, 407, 420, 427, 428

Gorman, Brig E., 558n, 559

Goslett, Lt-Col D. L. B., 97

Gourand, Fort (Sketch p. 421), 421, 422, 426

Gowling, Capt H. R., 346, 347

Goybet, Fort (Sketch p. 421), 421, 422, 424-9

Grace, Lt-Col C. H., 341n, 521n

Graffin, Pte A. B., 362

Graffin, Pte F., 260n

Grant, Lt-Col J. L., 60

Grant, Lt J. L, 483

Gravia (Sketch p. 147), 138, 140, 156, 157, 158, 159

Gray, Capt A. H., 362, 487

Gray, Capt A. W., 173, 180

Gray, Brig J. R., 86, 244

Grayson, L-Sgt G. N., 444

Graz, 49, 51

Greatwood, Lt-Col H. E. G., 417

Greece, 4, 18, 22, 27, 34, 197, 204, 205, 207, 208, 210, 211, 212, 215, 217, 227, 228, 232n, 234, 235, 236n, 275n, 279, 284, 285, 300, 306, 317, 320, 321, 335, 340, 419, 439n, 470, 497, 523, 526n, 527, 529, 530, 537, 539, 540, 544, 547n, 552, 554, 555, 561n

invokes British support, 1

British aid to, 3, 7, 8, 9-10, 11, 191-2

British Mission to, 12-14

German threat to, 2, 5, 14, 16

affirms decision to resist German attack, 5-6

and Yugoslavia, 26

communications system, 29-30, 35

campaign in, 39-196, embarkation planning, 20-21, 28, 81, 83, 105, 112-13, 131-3, 143-5

precipitate evacuation of staffs, 151-2, 195

numbers embarked, 181n

escapes from, 67n, 122n, 185-90, 312n, 313-15, 336n

Greek Air Force, 302

Greek Army, 89, 90-1, 93, 94, 95, 102, 104, 105, 110, 132, 143, 517n

in Albania, 1-2, 5, 25, 41, 112, 192

supply of, 29-30, 35, 40

cooperation with Yugoslav Army, 3, 40

strength and dispositions, 10-11, 13, 28

British estimates of, 17, 33-4, 60n, 78, 131

equipment, 34, 42, 53, 54

difficulties of cooperation with, 41-2, 66, 77-9, 81, 194-5

in eastern Macedonia, 45-6, 52

effect of defeats on, 111-12, 131

surrenders in Epirus, 133, 142, 195

capitulates to Germans, 153

in Crete, 205, 206, 227, 247, 254, 279, 283, 284, 285, 287, 291, 293, 304

strength, 203, 207, 212-13, 214, 219, 241n

organisation of, 212-13, 224n

at Retimo, 263-4, 265, 267, 269, 277

strength and equipment, 256n

– Armies

Central Macedonian, 36, 44, 46, 58, 65, 72, 76, 78, 81, 90, 92

Eastern Macedonian, 10, 39-40, 42, 45

Epirus, 40, 54, 66, 77, 79, 81, 83, 92, 111-12, 131, 133, 142

Western Macedonian, 40, 43, 66, 76, 77, 79, 80, 83, 90n, 91, 93

–Corps

III, 58, 92

– Divisions, Cavalry, 43, 46, 48, 54, 58, 65, 66, 18, 80, 92

– Divisions, Infantry:

5th (Cretan), 203, 212

7th, 5n, 10, 13, 39, 40

9th, 80, 83, 92

10th, 80, 83, 92

11th, 54, 83

12th, 5n, 10, 13, 27, 33, 34n, 36, 43, 44, 45, 46, 54, 65, 66, 68, 77, 78, 80, 92

13th, 43, 80, 83, 92

14th, 5n, 10, 13, 39, 40

18th, 5n, 10, 13, 39, 40

19th, 5n, 13, 33, 34, 36, 40, 41, 42

20th, 5n, 13, 33, 34n, 36, 44, 46, 47, 57, 58, 65, 66, 77, 78, 80, 83. 92

– Brigades: 21

Greek, 43, 48, 65, 66

Dodecanese Regiment, 47, 54, 58, 60, 66, 71

Evros, 39

Nestos, 39-40, 46n

– Battalions

1st, 218, 219, 240

2nd, 219, 226, 238, 242

3rd Recruit, 280n

4th, 257, 258, 260, 272

6th, 217, 218, 224

7th Recruit, 280n

8th, 218, 224, 225, 244, 246

Reserve Officers’ College Bn, 149

Greek Government,

suggests evacuation of Lustre Force, 131, 143

Venizelist party, 131-2

weaknesses of, 191-2, 203, 213

transferred to Crete, 150, 153, 207, 214-15

evacuated to Egypt, 226

under German occupation, 142n

Greek Navy, 312

Greeks, The, 14, 17, 31, 67n, 133n, 139, 155, 164, 176, 178, 185, 186-7, 188, 189, 308, 312, 315

Green, Lt-Col C. H., 31n, 186, 190

Green, Pte F. W. J., 268

Green, Pte J. B., 308

Green Hill (Map p. 410), 389

Greenway, Capt G. J., 266, 312n

Greiffenberg, Maj-Gen von, 49n, 71, 142

Grevena (Map p. 34; Sketches pp. 55, 78), 47, 58, 69, 76, 77, 79. 80, 81, 83, 87, 90, 91, 92, 93, 95, 102, 103, 110, 126, 128, 158, 184

Greyhound, British destroyer, 239, 318

Grieve, Capt B. R., 110, 111, 171

Griffin, British destroyer, 170n, 179

Grimsby, British sloop, 170n

Groundwater, Pte M., 406, 455

Groves, Lt M. D., 355, 370

Guedeney, Fort (Sketch p. 421), 421

Guepard, French destroyer, 363

Guinn, Lt-Col H. G., 137, 138

Gullgrr, Hon Sir Henry, 548n, 559

Gurnes (Sketch p. 288), 284, 285, 292, 293

–H–

Habbaniya (Sketch p. 199), Iraqi attack on, 200-201

Habbouch (Sketch p, 334), 352

Habil, Jebel (Sketch p. 509), 510

Hackett, Brig J. W., 407

Haddy, Lt A. C., 361, 362n

Hadwell, Pte J. M., 314

Haifa (Map p. 339), 67,1, 189, 198, 200, 202, 336, 419, 440, 467n

Haig, Lt-Cdr R. A., 254, 271, 273

Haining, Gen Sir Robert, 321n

Halder, General Franz, 202

Halfaya Pass, 197

Halifax, Rt Hon Earl, 321n

Hall, Maj K. S., 459

Halliday, Capt G. H., 235

Hama (Sketch p. 516), 516

Hamadan (Sketch p. 533), 533

Hamilton, Maj H. M., 449, 450

Hammer, Brig H. H., 117, 153

Hammon, Capt J. 13. C., 390

Hamra, El (Map p. 482), 484

Hanita, (Sketch p. 348), 346

Hann, L-Sgt J. E., 450

Hansen, Major, 331

Hansen, Pte I., 308, 309

Huant, El (Sketch p. 462), 461, 462, 470, 472, 482

Harant, Captain, 426-7

Haret Jendal (Sketches pp. 504, 506), 507

Hargest, Brig J., 99, 100, 213, 224, 232, 235, 236, 237, 238, 249, 250, 253, 296, 299, 301, 302, 304

Harkness, Capt J. B., 186

Harley, Lt K. N., 473

Harlock, Brig H. G. F., 173, 178, 180, 181

Harper, Maj C. H. D., 351

Harper, Lt T., 385, 487

Hart, Capt Liddell, 227n

Hartmann, General, 50, 51, 52

Hasbani River (Sketch p. 353), 353

Hasbaya (Map p. 386; Sketch p. 343), 343, 344, 352, 372, 395, 396, 412, 449

Hasrout (Sketches pp. 462, 475), 461, 464, 475, 476

Hassaniye (Sketch p. 377), 378, 382

Hassetche (Sketch p. 478), 479

Hasty, British destroyer, 164, 180

Hauran (Sketch p. 334), 338, 377

Havock, British destroyer, 164, 177, 179, 181

Hawaii, 549

Hayes, Maj P. B., 138

Heagney, Maj B. S., 274

Hearman, Maj J. M., 361, 362, 473, 485, 487, 488

Hebbarne (Map p. 386; Sketch p. 396), 371, [. 373], 395, 396, 403

Heidrich, Colonel, 230, 233, 240, 254

Heilmann, Major, 242, 243

Hejaz Railway, 344

Hele, Capt I. H. T., 559

Hellas, Greek yacht, 161

Hellenic State Railways, 29

Hely, Brig A. F., 243n, 250

Henderson, Cpl G. F., 346

Henderson, L-Sgt N. F., 447

Hendry, Lt-Col J. G., 108, 113, 114, 116, 119, 120, 139

Henry, Capt R. L., 364n, 379n, 483n

Heraklion (Map p. 282; Sketches pp. 203, 208), 186, 203, 205, 208, 211, 212, 215, 220, 232-3, 238, 239, 241, 247, 255, 258, 263, 273, 296, 298, 310, 312

population, 202, 279

garrison, 213, 214, 279, 280n

dispositions and strength, 218-19

reinforcement of, 243, 244, 287, 288

airfield at, 227, 229, 279, 280

German plan for capture, 228-9

defence of, 281-94

German account, 284-6, 292-3

Hereward, British destroyer, 173n, 174, 175, 180, 292, 318

Herington, J., 391n

Hermes, British aircraft carrier, 532

Hermon, Mount, 333, 374, 390, 393, 395, 421, 432, 443, 477

Hero, British destroyer, 172, 173n, 174, 175, 180, 181, 226n, 251n

Herodotus, 95n, 99n

Herring, Lt-Gen Sir Edmund, 36n, 44, 146

becomes G.O.C., 6th Division, 544

Herron, Lt A. A., 267

Heugh, Maj H., 74

Heywood, Maj-Gen T. G. G., 12, 132n

Hickey, Pte J. H., 487

Hicks, Cpl L. R., 355

Hickson, Sgt D. R., 425

Hiddins, Cpl A. 3., 118

Hujane (Sketch p. 393), 412

Hildebrandt, Lt C. W., 434, 436, 437, 438

Hill, WO2, 122n

Hill “A” (Map p. 258), 256, 257, 259-60, 261, 263, 265, 266, 267, 275, 276

Hill “B” (Map p. 258), 256, 257, 258, 260, 263, 266, 272

Hill “C” (Map p. 258), 256

Hill “D” (Map p. 258), 256, 257, 261, 267, 273

Hill 104 (Map p. 482), 494

Hill 107 (Map p. 218), 223, 230, 233, 236

Hill 127 (Sketch p. 381), 384

Hill 143 (Map p. 482), 470

Hill 168 (Map p. 482), 485

Hill 182, see AMES Ridge

Hill 225 (Map p. 482), 494, 495

Hill 230 (Sketch p. 500), 500

Hill 250 (Map p. 482), 483

Hill 296, see Apex Hill

Hill 335 (Map p. 482), 493

Hill 394 (Map p. 482), 470, 471, 483, 491, 492n

Hill 498 (Map p. 482), 491, 496

Hill 512 (Map p. 482), 484, 493, 496

Hill 560 (Map p. 482), 484, 492, 496-7

Hill, 567 (Map p. 482), 489, 490

Hill 569 (Map p. 482), 491, 498, 511

Hill 781 (Sketch p. 462), 464

Hill 814 (Sketch p. 462), 476

Hill 832 (Sketch p. 462), 461, 462, 475, 476

Hill 882 (Sketch p. 75), 86

Hill 892 (Sketch p. 296), 307

Hill 903 (Sketch p. 500), 503

Hill 1001 (Map p. 66), 48, 57, 62, 63

Hill 1054 (Sketch p. 504), 505, 506, 507

Hill 1066 (Map p. 410), 465

Hill 1069 (Sketch p. 506), 506

Hill 1115 (Map p. 410), 477

Hill 1199 (Map p. 410), 405

Hill 1203 (Sketch p. 506), 506

Hill 1284 (Map p. 410), 405, 453-9, 464

Hill 1332 (Map p. 410), 405, 409, 411, 453-6, 464, 465

Hill 1377 (Map p. 410), 411, 452, 454, 456, 465

Hill 1628 (Greece), 85

Hill-Griffiths, Capt K., 139

Himmler, Heinrich, 57n

Hingston, W. G., 416n

Hirewell, Pte R. J., 313n

Hipworth, Maj J. A., 280n

Hitler, Adolf, I, 14, 57n, 182, 227n, 523, 524, 530

orders invasion of Greece, 6

issues directive, 48-9

relations with Yugoslavia, 24, 192

dissuaded from attacking Cyprus, 318

relations with Vichy, 324, 325, 329-30, 331

fixes date for invasion of Russia, 330

Hoddinott, Capt F. J., 121, 432, 438

Hodge, Maj F. W., 397, 399

Holland, 56, 197, 227n

Holmes, Sgt A. R., 349

Hour, Hon H. E., 537

Homs (Map p. 339; Sketch p. 478), 338, 415, 428, 440, 442, 478, 509, 510, 515, 517, 519, 535

Honner, Lt-Col R., 134n, 157, 158, 260, 264, 266, 267, 268-9, 272, 273, 274, 275, 309

Hood, British battle cruiser, 318

Hooper, Maj G. F. R., 261, 272, 310

Hopkins, Harry L., 8n

Hopkins, L-Cpl N. H., see F. W. McVicar

Hopkins, Maj-Gen R. N. L., 553

Hopkinson, Maj W., 365

Horley, Capt D. G., 349, 350, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366, 380, 382

Horne, Pte H. R., 308-9

Horses, use by “Kelly Gang”, 404, 447

Hosking, Lt C. G. S., 312-13

Hotspur, British destroyer, 179, 181, 292, 305

Houghton, Captain, 402, 403

Hourani, A. H., 323n

Houssaniye (Sketch p. 416), 429

Houston, Capt J. R., 354, 355, 390, 405, 406, 411

Houston, Lt R. G., 449, 450

Hovendene, Lt-Col H. E., 558n

Howard, Lt-Col F. J., 559, 560

Howden, Lt-Col W. S., 351, 378

Howlett, Lt L. F., 291n

Hoyer, Sgt-Major, 255

Hoys-red, Sgt A. R., 431

Hughes, Lt, 103

Hughes, Col C. E., 186, 188

Hula, Lake (Sketch p. 334), 337n, 343

Hull, Cordell, 330n

Hum., Capt R. D., 312n

Humbley, Maj A. S., 398-9

Hungary, 2, 48, 50

Hunter, Lt A., 167

Hurford, Lt W. C., 443

Hurley, Capt F. J. F., 560

Hurley, Brig G. E. W., 150n

Hurrell, Capt L. T., 507, 508

Hutchinson, Sgt S. M., 271

Hutchison, Lt-Col I., 422, 424, 425, 428, 431, 432, 433, 436n, 437, 438, 439, 493, 504, 505

Hutson, Brig H. P. W., 30n

Hutton, Lt-Cdr P. C., 164n

Hyacinth, British sloop, 161, 179

Hyles, Capt J. H., 89

–I–

Ibeles Saki (Map p. 386; Sketch p. 367), 372, 373n, 386, 387, 395, 397, 398-9, 446, 447-9

Ida, Mount, 279

Ierapetra (Sketch p. 203), 203

Ikingi Maryut, 216

Ilex, British destroyer, 413

Imbros Island, 315

Imperial, British destroyer, 292, 318

Imperial War Graves Commission, 186

Imsar (Sketch p. 367), 366, 367

Immtos (Sketch p. 296), 297, 300, 307

India, 199, 200, 215, 333, 523, 533n, 544, 551, 555

Indian Army, 180, 528

strength in Syrian campaign, 526

estimated build-up in Middle East, 541

value in, 551, 552

cooperation with British Army, 552

– Divisions

4th, 320, 341, 531

5th, 320, 441, 531, 533n

6th, 533n

8th, 532

10th, 199, 201, 440, 441, 478-80, 515, 532, 535

– Brigades

2nd Armd, 532

5th Inf, 334, 338, 342, 344

in Syria, 356-7, 373, 375, 391, 393, 403, 407, 414, 415, 416-17, 418, 419, 420-1, 424, 430, 439, 477, 529, 535

17th Inf, 478

20th Inf, 479

21st Inf, 201, 479

24th Inf, 478

25th Inf, 201

– Regiments

3/10th Baluch, 532

4/13th Frontier Force, 479

2/4th Gurkha, 479

13th Lancers, 479

3/1st Punjab, 338n

in Syria, 356-7, 394, 403, 415, 417, 418

casualties, 430n

4/6th Rajputana Rifles, 338n

in Syria, 356-7, 394, 403, 415, 416

casualties, 430n

Indian Ocean, 198, 555

Indo-China, 545

Inglis, Maj-Gen L. M., 217, 219n, 225, 234, 235, 242, 244, 245, 246, 248, 249, 251

Ingram, Sgt L. S., 147

Inkpen, Capt F. M. B., 380

Innsariye (Sketches pp. 367, 376), 367, 375

Intelligence

British

of German strength in Balkans, 37

and scale of attack in Crete, 205, 207, 208-9, 210, 213, 219, 228, 231

of Vichy strength in Syria, 325, 337-8

Joint Intelligence Committee, 207

German

in Greece, 24n, 70-1, 93

in Crete, 228, 284, 286, 293

in Syria, 330

Iran, see Persia

Iraq, 326, 327, 340, 391, 412, 414, 467, 523, 524, 531, 533n, 534, 535n, 555

British policy in, 197-8

relations with Germany, 198-9

German aid to, 201-2, 330, 331, 332, 524

campaign in, 199-201

advance into Syria from, 440, 441, 478-80

relations with Persia, 532

Iraqi Army, 329

strength of, 198

at Habbaniya, 199-201, 202

Irbid (Sketch p. 357), 391

Ireland, 541

Irvine, Cpl L. I., 188

Irwin, Lt W., 63

Isaachsen, Lt-Col O. C., 366, 378, 383, 384

Isis, British destroyer, 179, 181, 413

Iskandaroun (Sketch p. 343), 342, 346-7, 350, 351, 360

Italian Am Force, 31, 201

in Albania, 5n, 37

strength in Mediterranean, 320

and use of Syrian airfields, 329, 330

Italian Army, 14, 321n, 551, 555

in Albania, 1-2, 4, 5, 25, 27, 58

in Abyssinia, 7, 197, 531

cooperation with German Army in Balkans campaign, 50-1, 54, 70, 94, 132, 133n, 195

in Libya, 197, 530

in Crete, 293n

Italian Navy, 52, 197, 292n, 310

at Matapan, 23

Italy, 11n, 15, 25, 48, 201, 310, 524, 533, 562

invades Greece, 1, 191

and Germany, 48

relations

with France, 329-30

influence in Persia, 532

–J–

Jaboor, Lt-Col R. F., 218n

Jackal, British destroyer, 305

Jackson, Pte A., 476n

Jackson, Lt-Col D. A. C., 155, 157, 264, 265, 266, 269, 270, 271, 312

Jackson, Lt-Col D. R., 179, 185-6, 190

Jacob, Lt, 127

Jadra (Sketch p. 462), 461

Jager, Gnr C. H., 313n

Jaguar, British destroyer, 298

Jais, Colonel, 159, 254, 255

Jamieson, L-Sgt R. T., 472

Jamliye (Sketch p. 385), 386

Jankovic, General, 26-7

Janus, British destroyer, 363

Japan, 15, 17, 25, 549-50, 551, 552, 555, 562

Java, 550

Jdaidet Artouz (Sketch p. 393), 403

Jebel Druse, 323, 324, 327, 333, 374, 394, 412, 467n, 510, 534

Jefferson, Lt M. F., 444

Jeffrey, Gp Capt P., 391

Jenkins, Capt C. H., 138n

Jennequin, General, 331, 334

arrest of, 520, 521

Jereine (Sketch p. 343), 342

Jerme (Sketch p. 367), 389, 390, 401, 408, 459n

Jerusalem, 328, 336, 340, 413, 441, 511, 519, 521, 527, 546, 548, 560

Grand Mufti of, 198, 201

Jess, Lt-Gen Sir Carl, 537

Jews, 186, 304, 337, 346, 348

Jezzine (Map p. 410; Sketch p. 334), 340, 385n, 393, 400, 401, 402n, 414, 446, 461, 467, 557n

advance to, 387, 388-90

French counter-attack, 404-5

operations round, 409-12, 464-5, 477, 505-10

reinforcement of, 412-13, 452-3

Jisr Anou Zeble (Sketch p. 353), 353

Jisr Bennt Jacub (Sketch p. 334), 337n, 400, 412

Jleiliye (Sketch p. 475), 475

Jock Columns, 536

Johns, Lt R. D., 385

Johnson, Capt A. M., 487n

Johnson, Lt A. T., 505

Johnson, Capt C. M., 121, 122, 127

Johnson, Pte H. C., 266

Johnson, Capt I., 349, 360, 361, 362

Johnson, Maj R. L., 375, 378

Johnson, Capt S. H., 222

Johnston, Cpl H. H., 261

Johnston, Brig W. W. S. 34n

Johnstone, Cpl N. M., 281n, 292

Jones, Lt-Col J. S., 161, 162, 166, 167

Jones, Brig L. B., 356, 393, 415, 417

Jordan River (Sketch p. 357), 337n, 338, 344, 358, 400, 401, 402n

Jordan Valley, 342, 401, 419

Jose, Lt R., 384

Jubb, Tpr N., 350

Judean Hills, 474

Juffa (Sketch p. 440), 441

Jums, 419, 424, 550

Juno, British destroyer, 233, 239, 318

–K–

Kaboun (Sketch p. 416), 426

Kadem (Sketch p. 416), 415, 427

Kafr Badda (Sketch p. 361), 365, 366-7

Kafr Chebaa, See Chebaa

Kafr El Aouamid (Sketch p. 416), 429

Kafr Hammam, 447

Kafr Houn (Map p. 410), 388, 389, 409, 459n

Kafr Matta (Sketch p. 500), 496, 503, 505

Kafr Maya (Sketch p. 462), 461, 463

Kafr Mechki (Sketch p. 334), 344

Kafr Naffakh (Sketch p. 357), 356

Kafr Roummane (Map p. 386), 447

Kafr Sir (Sketch p. 343), 343, 351, 366, 367

Kafr Suss (Sketch p. 416), 426

Kafr Tibnite (Map p. 386; Sketch p. 353), 354

Kalabaka (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 78), 76, 79, 81, 90-2, 93, 97, 99, 102-4, 109-11, 122, 125-6, 128, 133, 142, 158

Kalamara, Greek yacht, 186

Kalamata (Sketch p. 145), 164, 168, 169, 184, 185, 188, 189

embarkations from, 152, 162, 163, 165, 171-5

total embarked, 181n

action at, 178, 179-81

Kalavrita (Sketch p. 145), 169

Kalgoorlie, 362

Kalives (Map p. 218), 226n, 253, 295

Kallidromon Mountains, 189

Kallipevke (Sketch p. 124), 126

Kalothronion (Sketch p. 156), 155

Kamechlie (Sketch p. 478), 479

Kandahar, British destroyer, 170, 180, 302

Kanimbla, Australian transport, 532

Karachi, 199

Karacol (Map p. 482; Sketch p. 500), 502

KanAssos, General, 46, 47, 54, 58

Karatsos (Map p. 218; Sketch p. 245), 224, 225, 230, 246, 254

Karditsa (Sketch p. 159), 126, 158

Karitsa (Sketch p. 187), 185

Karperon, 102

Karya (Sketch p. 84), 99

Kashmir, British destroyer, 239, 318

Kaso Strait (Sketch p. 203), 227, 292

Kastania (Sketch p. 75), 86

Kastelli (Sketch p. 203), 219, 227, 229, 240

Kastoria (Sketch p. 78), 40, 76, 77, 92, 93, 94

Katekar, Maj H. J., 472, 494, 495

Katerini (Map p. 34; Sketches pp. 84, 101), 334, 35, 36-7, 40, 44, 70, 71, 72, 84, 98, 99, 100, 102, 106, 122, 123, 184

Kato Dhio Vouna (Sketch p. 147), 158

Kato Nevrokop (Sketch p. 45), 39

Kawakji, Fawzi El, 441, 479

Kay, Col W. E., 161

Kea Island (Sketch p. 145), 170

Keime, Colonel, 412, 429

Keitel, Field Marshal Wilhelm, 331

Keith, Major, 300

Kelb, Jebel El (Sketch p. 393), 393, 394, 407, 420

Kelli (Map p. 66), 57, 71

Kelly, British destroyer, 239, 318

Kelly, Lt C. C., 355

Kelly, Maj S. J., 150n

“Kelly Gang”, 404n, 447

Kelsall, Capt D. V. C., 109

Kelvin, British destroyer, 302

Kenali (Sketch p. 10), 26

Kendall, Maj-Gen R., 153, 545

Kennedy, Capt J., 402, 403

Kentwell, Cpl R. N., 119

Kenya, 25n

Kephissia (Sketch p. 175), 169, 182

Kerasia (Sketch p. 55), 54, 58, 75

Kerates (Sketch p. 296), 297

Kerkinitis, Lake, 40

Kermanshah (Sketch p. 533), 533

Kerr, Maj R. J. L., 475

Kesteven, Lt K. L., 287, 289

Key, Lt-Col A. S., 65n

Keyes, Lt-Col G. C. T., VC, 360, 364

Khalde (Map p. 482; Sketch p. 500), 480, 503

Khalkis (Map p. 34), 141, 148

Khanaqin (Sketch p. 533), 532

Khan Deinoun (Sketch p. 374), 373-4, 418, 419

Khan Saada (Sketch p. 377), 377, 378

Kharat, Mount (Map p. 410), 453, 455, 456, 458, 459, 460, 464, 474, 477

Kharkov, 549

Khedive Ismail, Egyptian transport, 174

Kheibe (Map p. 386), 373, 448-9

Kheurbet El Biar (Map p. 482), 480, 493, 497

Khiam (Map p. 386; Sketches pp. 343, 396), 344, 352, 353-4, 358, 368, 370, 371, 373n, 387, 395, 397, 399, 400, 404, 412, 447, 449

Khirbe (Map p. 386; Sketch p. 343), 354-6, 358, 368, 370-1, 386, 408n, 412

Khoudesion (Sketch p. 288), 291

Khyber Pass, 333

Kiely, Capt V. A.. 259

Kifisokhori (Sketch p. 147), 125n

Kilkis (Sketch p. 45), 42

Killalea, Sgt H., 136n

Killearn, Rt Hon Lord, 321, 358

Killen, Tpr T. D., 377

Killey, Capt G. H., 263

Kimberley, British destroyer, 176, 180, 181, 312, 350

King, Capt E. H., 118, 186

King, Admiral E. L. S., 238, 302, 305, 335, 363

King, Maj-Gen R., 92, 125, 149, 158, 164, 492, 493, 499, 502, 503, 504

Kingston, British destroyer, 170, 176, 180

Kingstone, Brig J. J., 440, 441

Kipling, British destroyer, 239

Kippenberger, Maj-Gen Sir Howard, 109, 122, 123, 213, 217, 224, 225, 226, 237, 245-6, 248, 251, 252n, 536n

Kirianna (Map p. 258), 256

Kirk, Capt V. D., 236

Kirkbride, Sir Alec, 324

Kirkuk (Sketches pp. 198, 533), 199, 440, 532

Kisamos Bay (Sketch p. 203), 227, 229

Kiswe (Sketches pp. 334, 374), 338, 358, 374, 390-1, 393-4, 402, 403, 412, 418, 427, 429

Kithera Island (Sketch p. 145), 179, 181n

Kladhisos Creek (Map p. 218), 251

Kleidi (Maps pp. 34, 66), 46, 61, 65, 71

Kleist, Field Marshal Ewald von, 49, 50, 51, 70, 71

Klisoura Pass (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 55), 43, 65, 66, 71, 76, 77, 78, 80, 83, 92, 93

Knimis, Cape (Sketch p. 147), 149, 155

Knossos (Map p. 282; Sketch p. 288), 279, 284, 288, 289, 290, 291, 293

Knox, Maj D. W. R., 153

Kokkinia (Sketch p. 175), 182

Kokkinoplos (Sketch p. 84), 101, 109

Komitadhes (Sketch p. 296), 297, 299, 302, 304, 305, 306, 307

Korea, 528n

Koritzia (Map p. 34), 46, 66

Koryzis, Alexander, 5-6, 8, 9, 12, 104, 112

Kosciusko, Mount, 547, 548

Kotulas, General, 36, 37, 43, 46

Koulouri (Sketch p. 127), 127

Kozani (Maps pp. 34, 38), 30, 34, 36, 42, 47, 55, 65, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 75, 76, 77, 81, 86, 87, 94

Krakau, Colonel, 246, 247, 254, 255

Kramdech (Map p. 482), 489

Kramme, Pte J. H., 494

Kriekouki, see Erithrai

Kristos (Map p. 218), 249

Kriva Palanka (Sketch p. 4), 52

Kroh, Major, 275, 276, 277

Kteni (Sketch p. 75), 76

Kuebler, General, 49, 50

Kuhn, General, 71

Kumanovo (Sketch p. 4), 52

Kuneitra (Map p. 339; Sketches pp. 334, 357), 337n, 338, 352, 356, 358, 391, 393, 400, 415, 418, 419, 421, 429, 439n, 467

French counter-attack, 394-5, 401-3, 412

British recapture, 406-7

Kumnig, Pte, 255

Kyffin, Capt P. J., 346, 347, 378, 455

–L–

Labiye, El (Map p. 482), 470, 471, 472, 482, 491

Labouna (Sketch p. 343), 342, 348

Lacey, Lt A. R., 114

Lamb, Lt-Col D. J., 107, 108, 119, 120, 121, 122, 138, 153, 419, 420, 421, 422, 423, 426

Lamia (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 78), 29, 80, 82, 92, 93, 104, 107, 108, 111, 112, 122, 125n, 128, 129, 134, 139, 140, 142, 143, 146, 149, 158, 184, 186, 189

rearguard at, 136-8, 141

Lampson, Sir Miles, see Killearn

Landale, Maj W. G. A., 454, 455, 456

Lane, Cpl P. A., 67n

Lang, Lt-Col J. T., 445

Langlands, Lt E. R., 460

Langridge, Capt B. D. N., 365

Lapthorne, Lt H. D., 355

Large, Brig D. T. M., 164n

Larisa (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 96), 11, 27, 29, 30, 35, 36, 40, 41, 66n, 76. 79, 82, 83, 90n, 92, 94, 95, 97, 98, 99, 103, 104n, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109n, 110, 111, 114, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 133, 134, 135, 139, 142, 143, 146, 158, 186, 188

Lascars, 178, 180

Latakia (Map p. 339; Sketch p. 516), 323, 514, 534

Latham, Brig H. B., 181n

Lausanne, Treaty Of, 323

Lava (Sketch p. 73), 86, 102

Laval, Pierre, 325

Lavarack, Lt-Gen Sir John, 335, 338n, 550, 555

warned to prepare for move of 7 Div to Palestine, 326, 327

and plan for invasion of Syria, 336, 337, 340-1

warned of impending appointment to I Corps, 340

assumes command, 413-14

estimate of, 341

in Syrian campaign, 368, 370, 386, 387, 390n, 395, 403, 431, 460, 477, 515

orders to meet threat of French counter-attack, 400-1

approves Berryman’s policy at Merdjayoun, 404, 446, 449

reinforces Jezzine, 412-13

proposes diversion of main effort to Damascus front, 418-19

presses Wavell for tanks, 430n

ordered to concentrate on drive to Beirut, 467-9

conduct of campaign, 526-7

relations with Free French, 468-9, 516-19

and Syrian armistice, 511-13, 514

arrest of French generals, 520-1

and Press censorship, 525

recommended as commander of “Australian Corps”, 340-1, 529

experience, 554

Lawley, Sgt R. H., 349

Lawrence, T. E., 356

Lawry Lt P. C., 267

Laybourne-Smith, Maj G., 300, 304, 305n

Laycock, Maj-Gen R. E., 253

League Of Nations, 323, 324

Leask, Capt J. C., 499

Leave, 31-2, 559

“Leaving”, landing barge, 309

Lebanese, The, 325

Lebanon, The, 202, 326, 327, 333, 337, 379. 413, 452, 478, 514, 515, 519, 521, 544, 548

history and geography of, 323-4, 333

Lebanon Mountains, 333, 343, 400, 405, 461, 467, 470, 474, 534, 548

Le Brun, Sgt K. W., 458

Le Chevalier Paul, French destroyer, 413

Leckie, Col D. F., 223, 236

Lecoulteux, Colonel, 412

Lee, Lt-Col A. J., 384, 483, 484, 496, 497

Lee, Air Vice-Marshal A. S. G., 11n, 195n

Lee, Brig E. A., 34n, 35. 43, 44, 82, 90, 97, 111, 135, 136, 137, 138, 153, 161, 162, 163, 168, 177, 179

Lee, Sgt J. P., 310

Lee, Lt V., 269

Lees, Sgt J. H., 147

Legentilhomme, General Paul, 338, 373, 390, 391, 393, 417, 418, 427, 468-9, 517

Legge, Pte A. B., 308

Lemnos Island (Sketch p. 4), 52

Lend-Lease, 530

Le Nevez, WO2 R., 139

Leningrad, 530

Leptokaria (Sketch p. 85), 67n, 126

Lergessner, Capt E. T., 243, 261n, 265, 266n, 267, 275

Leskoviki (Map p. 34), 54

Levadhion (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 84), 30, 98, 100

Levadia (Sketch p. 147), 136n, 139, 143, 149, 151, 158

Levant, 70, 322, 323

German plans and policy in, 331, 523-4

Leventes (Sketch p. 73), 73, 74

Lewington, Capt A. J. M., 355

Liaison, 553

with Free French, 468-9, 525

with Greeks, 41-2, 66, 77-9, 81, 194-5, 205, 207

with Navy, 365, 379n

Libya, 32, 37, 60, 107, 112, 132, 193, 321n, 388, 439n, 474, 529, 530, 536n

Lillingston, Lt-Col E. G. G., 68, 161, 166, 167

Limb, Lt T. M., 371

Limos, D. G., 185

List, Field Marshal, 48, 49, 50, 51, 70, 71, 94, 128, 142, 165, 184, 195

Llster, Lt-Col M. D. B., 171

Litani River (Sketches pp. 343, 361), 333, 342, 343, 344, 350, 351, 352, 354, 368, 370, 375, 387, 388, 395, 401, 408, 443, 446, 449

crossing of, 360-6, 367, 374

Litani Valley, 355, 393, 405, 409

Ljubljana (Sketch p. 51), 94

Lloyd, Maj-Gen W. L., 338n, 356, 373, 375, 391, 393, 394, 403, 407, 412, 417-18, 420-1, 422, 424, 428, 429, 430, 468

estimate of, 342, 415

Lochhead, WO2 J. A., 457, 458

Lofoi (Map p. 66), 53, 57

Logan, Lt-Col E. P., 318

Lohr, General A., 227, 317, 318

Lomax, Maj-Gen C. E. N., 430, 431, 432, 433, 438, 439n

London, 2, 3, 7, [.14ff], 21, 131, 192, 194, 197, 204, 207, 210n, 211, 220, 254, 320, 321, 326, 327, 328, 391, 478, 524, 525, 538, 540, 541, 555

Longmore, Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur, 2-3, 8, 9, 11n, 220, 298n, 322

Longos (Sketch p. 147), 139, 141

Longworth, Maj L. E., 364

Lough, Brig T. S., 134, 155

Loutro (Sketch p. 296), 304

Loutsa (Sketch p. 175), 176

Love, Lt-Col J. P., 62n

Love, Lt J. T., 113, 114

Lovegrove, Maj E. P., 561n

Lovell, Lt-Col D. J. H., 153

Lovell, Co! S. H., 521

Loveridge, Col N. B., 36n

Lovett, Lt H. I., 115

Lowen, Lt-Col I. H., 79

Lucks, Capt L., 382

Lucas, Brig L. C.. 36n, 76n, 88, 99

Luff, Pte S. P. C., 390

Luftwaffe, see German Air Force

Luneberg, 219

Lunn, Maj H. T., 234, 235, 306

Lupo, Italian destroyer, 233

Luxton, Lt-Col L., 150n

Luxton, Lt-Col T., 62, 136

Lynch, Lt-Col R. J., 245

Lyon, Cpl F. G., 108

Lyttleton, Capt Rt Hon Oliver, 516, 518, 519, 525, 531

–M–

Maameriye (Sketch p. 367), 378

Maani, Jebel (Sketch p. 393), 391

Macarthur-Onslow, Brig D., 388, 396, 397, 399, 443

Macartney, Maj R. R., 308

Macaulay, Capt T. B., 463, 505, 506

Mccaffrey, Lt J., 138

McCarty, Lt-Col J., 62, 63, 88, 89

McCaskill, Capt D. M., 157, 266, 267

Mcconnel, Maj-Gen D. F., 548

Mcconnell, L-Cpl R. D., 456

Mccullough, Capt K., 362, 364, 380

Mcdermid, Pte G. R. W., 268

Mcdermott, Lt J. L., see J. L. Perry

Mcdonald, Dvr, 136n

Macdonald, Col A. B., 342, 343, 349, 351, 360, 362, 363. 365, 380, 473, 485, 487, 488

Mcdonald, Pte C. T., 270n

Macdonald, Capt G. G., 384

Mcdonald, Lt-Col H. Il, 60, 61

Macdonald, Capt J. E., 423, 424n

McDomaa, Cpl R., 310

Mcdonnell, Maj A. J. L., 558n

Macdougal, Lt B. H., 423, 424, 431, 498

Macduff, Maj A. P., 178, 180

Mceachern, Sgt J. C., 477n

Macedonia, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 24, 25, 29, 35, 45, 46, 48, 99n, 184

Macfarlane, Maj C. W., 137, 138

McGavm, Capt A. S. D. J., 465, 495

McGeoco, Lt B. de B., 251, 252, 277n

Mcgrath, Brig P. S., 341n

Mcgregor, Maj W. R., 120, 422, 428, 431

Machmouche (Map p. 410), 452

Machrhara (Map p. 410; Sketches pp. 334, 462), 340, 405, 411, 465

Mackay, Pte H., 498n

Mackay, Lt-Gen Sir Iven, 206, 211, 341

in Greece, 36, 43, 46, 47, 54, 56, 58, 62, 64, 65, 66, 69-70, 72, 74, 76, 87, 98-9, 104n, 108, 109, 110, 111, 125, 134, 136, 138, 139, 140-1, 143, 145, 149, 150, 152

reconnoitres Veria Pass, 37

assumes command at Vevi, 44-5, orders withdrawal, 58-9

and Greek discipline, 60n

under air attack, 129, 135, efficacy of, 547n

embarks from Greece, 166

recalled to Australia as GOC Home Forces, 544, 549

Mackenzie, Cpl J. R., 349n

Mackenzie, Maj R. B., 365, 381

Mckerrow, Capt I., 258

Mackinnon, Maj A. S., 422

Mackinnon, Maj W. A., 488-9

Macky, Lt-Col N. L., 95, 96, 97, 106, 115

McLaren, Pte I. A., 313n

Maclean, Col F. W., 150n, 171, 178

McLennan, Sgt T. A. L., 458

Macmeikan, Capt T. K. L., 487, 502

Mcnab, Brig G. A. C., 310

McNaught, Lt-Col G. C., 217n

McPhee, Lt-Col D. R., 375, 376

McPherson, Lt K. J., 118

McPherson, Maj R. E., 156

Macpherson, Lt W. N., 383, 384, 483

McQuarrie, Pte D. N., 312

MacQueen, Cpl A. A., 114

McRobbie, Lt A. F., 155, 157

McVicAr, L-Cpl F. W., 368

McWilliam, Sgt, 310

Madani, Jebel (Sketch p. 393), 393, 403, 415, 417n

Maddern, Maj R., 88

Madigan, Capt E. B., 486, 489

Maginot Line, 52, 537

Mmn, Sgt J. S., 429

Maitland, Capt F. J. V., 433, 437

Majdal, El, 419

Makrikhori (Map p. 106; Sketch p. 127), 107, 115, 116, 117, 127

Malaria, in Syria, 526

Malaya, 7, 199, 202, 541, 547, 549

AIF strength in, 540

Maleme (Map p. 218; Sketch p. 203), 203, 205, 208, 211n, 214, 220, 247, 287, 312

strength and dispositions, 213, 217-19

see also Maleme-Suda

Maleme-Suda (Map p. 218; Sketches pp. 229, 245, 252)

fight for the airfield, 221-3. 225, 226, 231-2, 234, 235-8, 241

operations round Galatas, 224-6, 237, 242, 243-6, 247,

round Canea, 226, 238, 242, 247-9, 250, 251

German account, 227-31, 233-4, 239-40, 243, 244, 254-5

reinforcement of garrison, 241, 243, 244, 251n

at 42nd Street, 249-53, 254-5

Malikiya, El (Sketches pp. 343, 348), 342, 349

Mallia (Sketch p. 288), 288

Malta, 26, 320, 531

Mander-Jones, Lt-Col E., 150n

Mandra (Sketch p. 145), 151

Maniadakis, M., 132

Mann, Capt G. W., 262, 264

Mann, Lt J. G., 292n

Mann, Lt W. R.., 166, 167

Manpower, available for AIF, 537, 540, 541-2

Marat, Mount (Map p. 410), 477

Marathon (Sketches pp. 145, 175), 144, 145, 149, 163, 164, 168, 170

Mar Elias (Sketch p. 381), 385

“Marita”, Operation, 48

Markham Valley, 291n

Markopoulon (Sketch p. 175), 170, 176

Mar Mikhail (Map p. 482), 486, 501

Marsa Brega, 234

Marsden, Capt E. C. H., 382

Marseilles, 325

Marshall, Maj E. S., 373, 404

Marshall, Pte G., 301

Marshall, Cpl G. E. D., 372

Marshall, Maj H. C. D., 234, 235, 306, 307

Marson, Lt-Col R. H., 443, 444, 445, 463, 475, 476, 505, 506, 507

Martel, Lt-Gen Sir Giffard, 14n

Martin, Cpl A. K. M., 483

Martin, Sgt B. S., 371

Martin, Lt E. T., 503

Martin, WO2 F. L., 486n

Martin, Brig J. E. G., 555

Martinet, Capt, 426

Mason, Lt, 266

Matapan, Battle Of, 23, 36

Mather, Lt-Col C. H., 204

Matthew, Lt D. H., 499

Mavrodendri (Sketch p. 55), 69

Mavrolithos (Sketch p. 127), 127

Mavroneri River, 100

Mavroppie (Sketch p. 68), 69

Maxwell-Hyslop, Lt-Col R., 558n

Mayberry, Lt-Col W. M., 398, 400, 404

Mayrhofer, Capt M., 265n

Mazar, Jebel (Sketches pp. 416, 509), 467, 474, 513

advance to, 429-32

operations at, 432-40, 509-10

casualties at, 438n, 510

Mazarajus, General, 131, 132

Mazboud (Sketch p. 462), 463

Mazraat Ech Chouf, capture of, 505-7

Mazraat Ed Dana (Sketch p. 475), 475

Mazraat Islamiye (Map p. 386), 447

Mazraat Koufra (Sketch p. 367), 390

Mdouka (Sketch p. 413), 510

Mediterranean Fleet, see British Navy

Mediterranean Sea, 21, 197, 201, 202, 206, 318, 330, 524, 562

British air strength in, 17n, 320

effect of Matapan, 23

German air strength in, 207, 320

Meecham, Capt N. B. G., 362

Meecham, Lt R. N. G., 362n

Megara (Sketches pp. 145, 175), 144, 150, 153, 161, 162, 167, 228

embarkations from, 152, 163-4, 211, total, 181n

Meg Khorafia (Map p. 218), 226n, 277

Meindl, General, 228, 230

Melbourne, 560

Melvaine, Pte M. V. C., 434

Melville, Cpl A. H., 106

Menexes Pass, 123, 124

Menzies, Rt Hon R. G., 340, 537, 539

visits Middle East, 7-8, 14, 18

views on Greek expedition, 11n, 14-15

functioning of British War Cabinet, 15, 194

requests re-examination of Greek plan, 16-17, 19

raises question of leadership of Lustre Force, 21-2

and appointment of Blamey to higher command, 151

proposes formation of Anzac Corps, 70n

defence of Cyprus, 318

and invasion of Syria, 328-9

expansion of AIF, 540-41

resigns Prime Ministership, 542n

Merdjayoun (Map p. 386; Sketches pp. 334, 343), 337, 338, 340, 343, 344, 352, 353, 367-8, 389n, 393, 402n, 413, 414, 418, 429, 430, 442, 452, 460, 461, 463, 467, 477, 502, 509, 510, 535

patrols at, 368-70

capture of, 386-7

operations round, 387-8, 403-4, 408-9, 431, 443-6, 446-9, 449-51

strength and dispositions, 395-7, 404, reinforcement of, 400-401, 405

French counter-attack, 397-400, 412

casualties, 409, 446, 451n, 468

Mersa Matruh (Sketch p. 298), 30, 216, 310, 311, 313, 320, 334n, 335, 336, 548

Metaxas, General J., 3, 4, 5, 132

government of, 203n

Metaxas Line, 3. 4, 13, 26, 51, 52

Metsovon (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 78), 54, 76, 79, 83, 93, 102, 128, 142

Metsudat (Map p. 386; Sketch p. 353), 352

Metulla (Sketches pp. 334, 343), 336, 338, 343, 354, 368, 398, 399, 400, 402n, 412

Mezze (Sketch p. 416), 407, 412, 415, 419, 420-21, 429, 439n, 468, 545

action at, 416-18, 426-7

Middle East, 1, 15, 200, 530, 536-7, 542, 543, 549, 550, 551, 556, 560, 561, 562

British strength in, 8, 17, 323, 531, 540

strategy in, 533, 534

extent of British reinforcement of, 541

appointment of political authority to, 321, 326, 516, 525, 531

conduct of campaigns in, 552-5

Middle East Defence Committee, 531

Middle East War Council, 531

Mikrovalton (Sketch p. 75), 75, 89

Miles, Brig R., 106n, 154, 155, 169-70

Miles, Capt W. N., 444, 476

Militia, 543, 552

establishment of, 541

strength on full-time duty, 543n

response to Munich crisis, 551

and officering of AIF, 555-6, 557, 558

Millar, Capt D. H., 89, 283n

Millard, Lt-Col A. B., 370, 371, 447

Miller, Lt-Col J., 179, 190

Miller, Maj W. V., 235, 251-2

Millroy, Maj A. J., 506

Mills, Maj E. D., 547

Mills, Lt-Col T., 349, 350, 351, 366, 377, 381, 382, 461, 501

Miloi (Sketch p. 145), 162, 164, 165, 167, 177

Milos Island (Sketch p. 187), 181, 233, 238

Mitchell, Col J. W., 60, 61

Mitchell, Capt T. W., 547

Mitchell, Maj W. H., 475

Mitrovica (Sketch p. 51), 71

Mittelhauser, General, 323

Miyeoumiye, (Sketch p. 381), capture of, 382-4

Molloy, Col A. D., 36n

Moloney, Lt B. W., 362

Molos (Sketch p. 147), 140, 141, 152

rearguard at, 148-9, 153-5, 158-9

Molotov, V. M., 48, 538

Monaghan, Brig R. F., 344, 352, 353, 373, 395, 396, 397, 403, 404, 449n, 450, 474, 475, 501, 502

Monash, General Sir John, 542n

Moms-win (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 4), 3, 27, 29, 34, 35, 43, 47, 52, 70, 80, 158

“Moncolumn”, see AIF (2/33rd Battalion)

Monemvasia (Sketch p. 145), 168, 175

embarkations from, 163, 177, 179

total, 181n

Montagne, Robert, 323n

Montoire, 329

Mooney, Cpl F. J., 476n

Moore, Maj Brooke, 182

Moore, Capt R. McC., 118

More, Lt-Col G. R. M., 360, 364

Moretti, L-Cpl F., 362

Morgan, Wo2 W., 425

Morheur, El (Sketch p. 353), 352

Moriarty, Capt O. B., 261, 263, 276

Morish, Lt J. C., 310

Morris, Capt C., 397n

Morris, Pte J., 383

Morris, Lt J. I., 137

Morrison, Lt-Col S. A., 388

Morse, Vice-Admiral Sir Anthony, 247, 301, 302

Morshead, Lt-Gen Sir Leslie, 555

Mortimer, Cpl W. A., 310

Mortimore, Lt H. E., 458

Moscow, 48, 530, 549

Moskhokori (Sketch p. 73), 85

Mosul. (Sketch p. 198), 201, 440, 478, 479

Moten, Brig M. J., 343, 347, 351, 375, 376, 377, 378, 382, 384, 385, 471, 483, 484, 496, 497

Mott, Capt M. L., 495

Mouadammiye (Sketch p. 416), 415, 417n, 419

Moukelbe (Sketch p. 393), 393, 394

Moumsiye (Sketch p. 395), 407

Mount, Dvr A. E., 429n

Mountbatten, Admiral Rt Hon Earl, 239

Mountjoy, Sgt, 436, 438

Mourhira, El (Map p. 482), 472, 480, 490

Mournies (Map p. 218), 226, 230, 238, 243n, 248, 250

Mteriate (Sketch p. 462), 463

Mtoulle, El (Sketches pp. 462, 475), 461, 475, 476, 477, 506

Mucklow, Sgt C. W., 507

Muir, Lt-Col R. A. C., 464

Mules, in Greece, 72, 73

in Syria, 490, 491n, 492, 498

Mullighan, Lt T. D., 471, 494

Munich, 192, 551

Mur, River (Sketch p. 51), 51

Murchison, Lt-Col A. C., 107, 114, 116, 117n, 119, 120, 127, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439, 493, 504

Murdoch, Capt M. H., 423, 424, 426, 430, 431, 498

Murphy, Pte A. D., 62

Murphy, Gnr K., 313n

Murphy, S-Sgt R. P., 363

Murray, Lt-Col A. T., 356

Murray, Maj J. D., 275

Murray, Maj-Gen J. J., 549

Mytilene Island (Sketches pp. 4, 187), 52, 186, 188

Mzerib (Sketch p. 413), 419

–N–

Naame, En (Map p. 482), 481, 498, 499, 500

Nabatiye Et Tahta (Sketch p. 343), 343, 344, 352, 398

Nagle, Maj J. F., 399

Nagrat, Wadi (Map p. 410), 464, 475, 477

Naiad, British cruiser, 227, 238, 239

Naismith, Sgt A. K., 106

Naiha (Sketch p. 374), 373

Napier, Australian destroyer, 302

Naqoura (Sketch p. 348), 347-8

Naqoura, Ras En (Sketch p. 334), 342, 346

Nash, Rt Hon W., 70n

Nasice (Sketch p. 51), 71

Nason, Capt C. H. T., 450, 502

Navpaktos (Sketch p. 145), 149

Navplion (Sketch p. 145), 144, 150, 153, 168, 178, 179, 184, 185

embarkations from, 152, 160-61, 170, 171, 181

Nazareth, 340, 365, 398, 414

Nazism, 191, 517

Nea Alikarnassos (Map p. 282), 279, 281

Neame, Lt-Gen Sir Philip, VC, 14n, 21

Neapolis, 76n, 92, 313

Nebek (Sketch p. 478), 442, 465-6, 469, 478, 535

Nelson. Maj St E. D., 252

Neo Khorion (Map p. 218; Sketch p. 296), 235, 253, 295

Noros River (Sketches pp. 4, 39), 3, 10, 25, 26, 39

Netherlands East Indies, reinforcement of, 549, 550

Nevrokop (Sketch p. 45), 52

New Guinea, 189, 190, 526n

Newton, Maj T. H., 510

New Zealand, consultation with Great Britain about Greek campaign, 14-15, 16-17, 18n, 20, 194

and Crete campaign 208, 209, 210

and Anzac Corps proposals, 70n, 540-1, 544

forms Armoured brigade, 539

New Zealand Army, 69

establishment of Overseas force, 541n

cooperation with British Army, 552

– Army Headquarters, 541

New Zealand Division, 7, 15, 17, 18n, 23, 27, 30, 32-3, 317, 320

in Greece, 34, 35, 36, 37n, 40, 43, 44, 46, 47, 56, 58, 70, 71, 72, 82, 83, 93, 99, 108-9, 139, 140-2, 143, 144-5, 150n, 151, 153, 168-9

strength and losses, 182-3

in Crete, 208, 210, 217, 218-19, 221, 225, 226, 232, 234, 242, 243n, 244, 247, 248, 250, 301, 312

staff of, 211

strength, 213-14, 241n, 315, 316

losses, 315n, 316

and Anzac Corps proposals, 70n, 341, 539, 540-2

– Artillery, 72, 216

Regiments

4th Field, 33n

in Greece, 97, 106n, 107n, 123, 149

losses, 183n

losses in Crete, 315n

5th Field, 33n

in Greece 84, 123, 141, 154

losses, 183n

losses in Crete, 315n

6th Field, 33n

in Greece, 75, 86

losses, 183n

27th Bty, in Crete, 223, 231, 242

7th Anti-Tank 33n

in Greece, 107n

losses, 183n

– Cavalry: Div Car Regt, 33n, in Greece, 35, 36, 42, 53, 72, 102, 119, 122-3, 133, 162, 163, 165, 167, 169, 176

losses, 183n

in Crete, 218, 224, 226, 232

losses, 315n

– Engineers, 165

6 Fd Coy, 165

19 Army Troops Coy, 83-4

NZE Composite Inf Unit, in Crete, 218, 223-4, 232, 241n, 242

– Infantry Brigades

4th, 34

in Greece, 36, 37, 43-4, 47, 54, 56, 66n, 74-5, 76, 82, 85, 86, 87, 99, 122, 140, 144, 148, 152, 162, 163, 165, 167, 168-9, 170, 175-6, 177, 181n

in Crete. 211, 213, 217, 218, 219, 225, 232, 236, 237, 242, 244, 246, 248-9, 251, 295, 297-8, 299, 301, 304

5th, 34

in Greece, 36, 37, 44, 56, 74n, 82, 84, 99, 100-2, 109, 140, 141, 145, 148, 149, 152, 160, 170, 181n

in Crete, 208, 211, 213, 218, 222-4, 225, 231, 232, 236, 237, 242, 243, 244, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250-1, 253, 255, 295-6, 299, 301, 302, 304, 305

6th, 34

in Greece, 36, 37, 42, 44, 47, 56, 74n, 81, 82, 84, 85, 99, 102, 109, 123-5, 128, 133, 141, 145, 148-9, 152, 154-5, 162, 163, 168, 175, 177, 179, 181n

arrives Crete, 208, 211

in Egypt, 217n

9th, 217

10th, formation, 217

in Crete, 218, 224-6, 237, 242

– Infantry Battalions

4th, see 4th Bde

18th, 33n

in Greece, 86, 109, 176, casualties, 183n

in Crete, 211, 213n, 214, 219, 225, 241n, 242, 244-5, 248, 302, casualties, 315n

19th, 33n

in Greece, 86, 87, 102, 109, 165, 176, casualties, 183n

in Crete, 211, 213n, 218, 219, 224, 225-6, 232, 237, 241n, 247, 248, 251, 252, 292, 302, casualties, 315n

20th, 33n

in Greece, 86, 87, 102, 109, 176, casualties, 183n

in Crete, 211, 213n, 217, 232, 234, 235, 236, 241n, 245, 246, 247, 248, 251, 301, 302, 304, 305, casualties, 315n

21st, 33n

in Greece, 37n, 47, 134, 149n, 185, 188

at Platamon, 47, 56, 94, 95-6, 97, 126, at Pinios, 97, 100, 106, 107, 108, 114-15, 117, 118, 119, 122, casualties, 183n

in Crete, 211, 213n, 218, 222, 223, 231, 236, 241n, 242, 247, 248, 251-2, 295, 301, 304, 305, casualties, 315n

22nd, 33n

in Greece, 84, 100, 140, 141, 148, 149, 163, 165, casualties, 183n

in Crete, 211, 213n, 218, 221-3, 224, 230, 231, 241n, 242, 248, 251, 295, 304, 305

casualties, 315n

23rd, 33n

in Greece, 84, 100, 101, 109, 140, 141, 149, casualties, 183n

in Crete, 211, 213n, 218, 223, 231, 236, 238, 241n, 242, 246, 248, 295, 297, 299, 304, 305

casualties, 315n

24th, 33n

in Greece, 84, 99n, 123, 124, 125, 141, 148, 153, 154, 168, casualties, 183n

25th, 33n

in Greece, 99n, 123, 125, 133, 138n, 141, 148, 153, 154, 168, casualties, 183n

26th, 33n

in Greece, 74, 75, 88, 89, 99n, 123, 125, 141, 148, 153, 154, 167, 168, 177, casualties, 183n

27th (Mg), 33n

in Greece, 35, 43, 44, 48, 56, 59, 60, 63, 67, 68, 69, 141, casualties, 183n

in Crete, 213n, casualties, 315n

28th (Maori), 33n

in Greece, 37n, 84, 100-1, 141, 149n, 163, 165, casualties, 183n

in Crete, 211, 213n, 218, 223, 224, 231, 232, 235-6, 238, 241n, 242, 247, 248, 251-2, 295, 301-2, 304, 305, casualties, 315n

NZ Composite Bn, in Crete, 218, 224, 226, 230, 241n, 243, 245, 250

NZ Reinforcement Bn, 143, 171, 178, 180

– Kiwi Concert Party, 246

– Medical

6 Fd Amb, 225

Nurses, evacuation from Greece, 150

– Service Corps, 242

Petrol Coy, in Crete, 224, 225, 237

Div Supply Column, 136n

New Zealand Cabinet Defence Committee, 70n

New Zealand War History Section, 114n

Nicholls, Maj F. J., 471, 484, 489, 490, 492, 494, 496, 497

Nicol, Pte H., 312

Niha (Sketch p. 506), 505, 507

Niha Jebel (Map p. 410), 405

Nikaia (Sketch p. 124), 128, 129

Nile Delta, 335n

Nimfaion (Map p. 66), 43

Nimphaea (Sketch p. 45), 39, 40

Nish (Sketch p. 4), 51, 94, 158

Nixon, H. H. A., see J. H. Spence

Nizam, Australian destroyer, 251n, 302

Nolan, Maj R. K. J., 110

Noonan, Maj B. S., 348, 378, 493, 495, 500, 501, 502

Norcott, Cpl H. A., 426

Norris, Pte F. A., 372

Norris, Maj-Gen F. K., 341n, 464n

North Africa, 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 9, 39, 50, 197, 202, 220, 308, 320, 325, 330, 331, 531, 533, 537, 554, 555

see also Western Desert

Northcott, Lt-Gen Sir John, 539n

Norway, 523

Nubian, British destroyer, 180

Nugent, Sgt H., 308

Nurses, embarkation from Greece, 150, 164

Nye, Lt C. C. P., 505

–O–

Oakes, Lt-Col T. H. E., 150n, 177n

O’Brien, Maj-Gen J. W. A., 387, 397n, 401, 487n, 502

O’Brien, Pte L. C., 362

Ochred, Lake (Map p. 34), 43n, 51, 54

O’Connor, General Sir Richard, 21, 193, 197, 527

O’Day, Maj G., 457, 458, 459

Odessa, 530

Officers, AIF

return to Australia, 549

selection for senior commands, 554-5

OCTU graduates, 555-6

commissioning from ranks, 556-8

French, arrest of, 520

Oil, 6, 8, 15, 48, 197, 198, 200, 202, 227n, 530, 532, 534

Oiti (Sketches pp. 147, 156), 141

Oiti, Mount, 189

Oldfield, Lt T. C., 59

Olive Oil Factory (Map p. 258; Sketch p. 262), 256, 258, 263, 264, 266, 267, 276, 277

O’Loughlin, Lt-Col B. J., 36n, 150n, 160, 171, 178, 179n

O’Loughlin, Lt C. E., 486

Olympus, Mount (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 93), 3, 10, 29, 32, 35, 43, 46, 47, 54, 56, 68, 72, 85, 94, 97, 98, 99, 101, 113, 126, 158

Olympus–Aliakmon Line (Sketch p. 55), 40, 43, 93

withdrawal to, 46, 56, 58, 68, 72-6, effect on Greek Army, 65, 76-9

decision to withdraw from, 80, 87, 194-5

dispositions on, 83-4

Olympus Pass (Sketch p. 84), 36, 37, 40, 44, 58, 82, 83, 84, 94, 95, 99, 128

withdrawal from, 100-102

rearguard in, 122-3, 126

O’Neill, Cam J. H., 349

Onslow, Brig D. M., see Macarthur-Onslow

Orion, British cruiser, 23, 170, 233, 291, 292

Osborne, WO2 W. J. 464

Ossa, Mount (Sketch p. 127), 99n, 114, 115, 122, 185

Oswell, Lt J. L., 370, 371

Othrys, Mount, 139

Ott, General, 50

Ottoman Empire, 322

Ouardaniye, El (Sketch p. 462), 461

Ouasta, El (Sketch p. 367), 367

Oversby, Lt T., 486n

Owen Stanley Mountains, 190

Oxley-Boyle, Brig R. F. C., 438

–P–

Packard, Maj-Gen C. D., 150

Page, Col J. R., 75

Paine, Brig D. D., 34n

Palairet...titre, Sir Michael, 112, 131

Palamas (Sketch p. 124), 125

Palandri, Maj J. D., 265n

Palestine, 32, 201, 202, 216, 317, 320, 321, 324, 326, 327, 328, 333, 334n, 335, 336, 349, 401, 406, 413, 419, 424, 447, 451, 467n, 470, 532, 537, 550, 553, 559, 561, 562

Palestine Police, 340, 406

Palestinians, The

in Greece, 165, 178, 180

strength and losses, 182-3

in Crete, 213, 253, 304

Paliokhorion (Sketch p. 156), 159

Palmyra (Map p. 339; Sketches pp. 440, 466), 322, 338, 479, 511, 512, 515, 536

operations at, 440-41, 442, 466, 477, 528

Pandeleimon (Map p. 66), 57

Papagos, Field Marshal A., 4n, 6n, 15, 16, 33, 35, 39, 42, 44. 46, 54, 104, 112, 131, 132n

estimates force required to defend Greece, 3, 28

orders offensive in Albania, 5, 40

halts offensive, 43

at Athens Conference, 10-11

and defence of Eastern Macedonia, 12, 13, 24, 25, 26, 34, 194

discussions with Yugoslavs, 27

criticises failure to cover Greek withdrawal from Florina Valley, 65, 66

misunderstandings with W Group, 76-9, 92-3

orders dismissal of Tsolakoglou, 133

resigns, 153

and British aid to Greece, 191, 193

Pappas, Colonel, 58

Paramythia (Map p. 34), 23

Parapotamos (Sketch p. 127), 113, 116, 127

Paratroops, German, see German Air Force

Parbury, Lt-Col P. K., 119n, 421, 422, 423, 424, 425, 428, 430, 439, 498, 504

Paris, 329

Park, Capt E. N., 313n

Parkes, Capt H. K., 154

Parkinson, C. N., 402n

Parkinson, Maj-Gen G. B., 106, 117, 118

Parnassus, Mount, 32

Parrington, Brig L., 152, 171, 172, 179, 181

Patras (Sketch p. 145), 149, 166, 169, 183

Patrols, Aust,

at Merdjayoun, 368-70

Damascus area, 429. 477n

at Jezzine, 464-5

at Damour, 470-73

Paul, Prince, of Yugoslavia, 11, 24, 25, 51

Pauley, Cpl W. H., 268

Paxton, Maj R., 558n

Peach, Maj C. N. B., 400, 404

Peake, Lt-Col F. G., 324n

Pearleaf, British oiler, 532

Pedder, Lt-Col R. R. N., 342, 364, 365

Peeler, S-Sgt W., VC, 451

Peirce, Lt D. C., 85, 186-7

Peloponnese, 80, 112, 143, 151, 153, 162, 163, 165, 168, 169, 177, 179, 182, 183-4, 188, 192, 313, 317

Pemberton, Major, 171

Pemberton, Capt J. M., 409

Perdika (Maps pp. 34, 66), 43, 47, 54, 58

Peresitch, Colonel, 24, 25

Perivolia (Retimo area: Map p. 258; Sketch p. 270), 256, 259, 260, 262

operations round, 263-71, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 277, 278

Perivolia (Suda Bay area: Map p. 218; Sketch p. 245), 226, 230, 234, 242, 248, 254

Perry, Lt J. L., 422

Persia, 198, 200, 201, 202, 534

German plan to invade, 530

Anglo-Soviet advance in, 531-3

Persian Air Force, strength, 532

Persian Army

strength and dispositions, 532

surrenders, 533

Persian Gulf (Sketch p. 533), 330, 530, 532, 534, 535

Perth, Australian cruiser

at Matapan, 23

evacuation of Greece, 170, 180

Crete, 227, 238, 298, 300

Syria, 488n

Peshawar, 333

Petain, Marshal, 323, 332, 517

relations with Germany, 324-5, 329, 330

agrees to cessation of fighting in Syria, 511

Peter, King, of Yugoslavia, 24, 25

Petrais (Map p. 66), 71

Petrana (Sketch p. 75), 86

Petron, Lake (Map p. 66), 35, 47, 57, 60n

Phaleron, Greek airfield, 228

Pharsala (Sketch p. 78), 46, 67n, 81, 82, 93, 105, 106, 109, 111, 126, 128, 129, 130

Philippine Islands, 549

Phillips, Sgt A. M., 362

Phillips, Maj J. F., 166, 167

Phoebe, British cruiser

evacuation of Greece, 161, 173n, 180

of Crete, 298, 303n, 305

Pieria Mountains (Map p. 38), 36, 40

Pigi (Map p. 258), 256, 257, 262

Pigi, Wadi (Map p. 258), 256, 257, 258, 259

Pimple, The (Merdjayoun), 447, 448, 449

Pindus Mountains (Map p. 34), 29, 77, 78, 79, 80, 92, 94, 128

Pinios Gorge (Map p. 106; Sketch p. 127), 67n, 95n, 128. 336

reinforcement of, 96-8, 111n

dispositions, 106-8

engagement in, 113-22

German account, 126-7

escapes from, 185, 186

Pinios River, 99, 102, 105, 110, 125, 126, 129

Pink Hill (Sketch p. 245), 230

Piraeus (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 82), 13, 14, 23, 24n, 30, 31, 32, 79, 144n, 160n, 161, 181n, 292

capacity of port, 29

German bombing of, 40

Pirgos (Map p. 218), 222, 223, 229, 232, 233, 236, 239, 240

Pisoderion Pass (Map p. 34; Sketches pp. 55, 78), 43, 46, 54, 58, 66, 71, 76, 83

Pitcairn, Lt-Col A. A., 281

Pitsikas, General, 92, 133, 142

Plakias Bay (Sketch p. 203), 272, 303

Plant, Maj-Gen E. C. P.

commands AIF Rear Echelon, 22

25th Brigade, 459

at Jezzine. 460, 461, 477, 480, 505

arrest of French generals, 520, 521

returns to Australia, 549

Plantard, Colonel, 426

Platamon (Sketches pp. 55, 84), 47, 56, 100

demolitions at, 83-4

action at, 95-6, 97, 126

Platanes (Map p. 258), 256, 264, 265, 272

Platanes, Wadi, 264, 273, 274, 275

Platanias (Map p. 218), 229, 233, 235

New Zealand withdrawal, 242

Platanias River, 232n, 237, 242

Platt, Gen Sir William, 21

Plimmer, Lt-Col J. R. L., 225

Plytra (Sketch p. 145), 163

Point 212 (Map p. 482), 480

Point 278 (Map p. 482), 497

Polo, Italian cruiser, 23

Poland, 45, 57n, 530

Polish Brigade, 7, 9, 37, 197

Pollard, Col R. G., 341n, 464n, 508

Poole, Lt-Cdr F. G., 312

“Portcolumn”, see AIF (2/31st Battalion)

Porter, Maj-Gen S. H. W. C., 344, 352, 355, 368, 370, 386, 389, 390, 405, 411, 454, 459, 464

Porto Rafti (Sketches pp. 145, 175), 144, 150, 169, 177, 232n

embarkations from, 160, 170, 176

total, 181n

Port Said, 188, 360

Potts, Brig A. W., 349, 351, 485, 548

Pound, Admiral of the Fleet Sir Dudley, 20

Powell, Cpl R., 73n

Prassas (Map p. 282), 284

Pratt, L-Cpl V. G., 444

Prespa, Lake (Map p. 34), 43n

Press Censorship, in Middle East, 525, 526

Prevali (Sketch p. 203), 312

Prevali, Abbot Of, 312n

Pridham-Wippell, Admiral Sir Henry, 23, 163, 170, 174, 181

Prilep (Sketch p. 10), 52, 80

Prior, Brig C. E., 36n, 143, 150

Prison Camps, German, 188-9, 313-14

Prisoners

Australian

in Greece, 67n, 71, 183, in Crete, 315n, 316

in Syria, 409, 422-3, 427, 438n

repatriation, 519-21

British

in Greece, 183, 188-9

in Crete, 293, 307, 315n, 316

in Syria, 412, 510, 526

repatriation, 515, 519-21

French

in Syria, 347, 363-4, 365, 377, 379n, 386, 407, 409, 424, 448, 486

repatriation, 515, 519-21

German

in Greece, 160n

in Crete, 260, 262, 267, 275, 293, 316n

Greek, in Crete, 307, 316

Indian

in Syria, 426

repatriation, 519-21

Italian

in Greece, 188-9

in Crete, 207, 215, 296, 316

New Zealand

in Greece, 183

in Crete, 315n, 316

Prison Valley, 233

Proasteion, rearguard at, 68-9, 76

Prosilion (Sketch p. 75), 86, 87, 102

Proud, Pte F. W., 268

Prolemais (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 55), 65, 72, 74

rearguard at, 59, 68-9

German account, 71

Public Relations, in Middle East, 525, 560-62

Pugh, Pte H. B. A., 450

Pulver, Brig B. W., 36n

Pumphrey, Lt J. L., 176

Purves, Pte P. C., 138n

Puttick, Lt-Gen Sir Edward, 86, 87, 102, 169, 170, 218, 221, 225, 231, 232, 237, 238, 242, 246, 247, 248, 251, 300

commands NZ Div in Crete, 211

orders withdrawal of NZ Div to 42nd Street, 249-50

–Q–

Qaraoun (Sketch p. 334), 344

Qarqafe, El (Map p. 482), 493

Qasmiye (Sketch p. 367), 367

Qassouba, Wadi (Map p. 482), 490

Qatana (Sketch p. 416), 429, 430, 432, 477

Qleaa (Map p. 386; Sketch p. 396), 371, [.398ff], 404, 408

Quilliam, Col C. D., 177

Quinan, General Sir Edward, 200, 478, 532, 533

–R–

Rachaya El Fokhar (Map p. 386; Sketch p. 396), 373, 396, 397, 403, 404, 447

Rafina (Sketches pp. 145, 175), 144, 149n, 150, 169

embarkations from, 163, 170, 176-7

total embarked, 181n

Rahn, R., 201, 330, 331, 358, 511

Rakka (Sketch p. 478), 479

Rama, Er, see Er Rama

Ramcke, Colonel, 240, 243, 254, 255

Ramiet (Sketch p. 343), 342

Rasheiya (Sketch p. 334), 340

Rashid Au, 198, 199, 201, 524

Ras Nebi Younes (Sketches pp. 385, 462), 385

Rarrum Bridge (Map p. 282), 286

Rau, Brig W. L., 376

Rawlings, Admiral Sir Bernard, 239

Rayak (Map p. 339), 326, 327, 333, 338, 340, 352, 391, 511, 546

airfield, 322, 344, 431

Recruiting, AIF, 541, 542, 549

Reddish, Brig J., 411

Reddy, Maj L. G., 88, 135

Redpath, WO2 J. A., 313

Red Sea, 320

Rees, N., 186

Refuge Point (Retimo), 258, 275, 276

Reid, Lt R. J. C., 486n, 487

Reinforcements, AIF, 470

estimated number required for Anzac Army, 540

maintenance of, 541-4

quality of, 556, 557

Reinhard, General, 49, 50, 71

Reinhardt, General, 49

Reiter, It F. A., 252

Remeiche (Sketch p. 343), 342

Retimo (Map p. 258; Sketch p. 203), 203, 205, 212, 220, 232, 233, 234, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242-3, 244, 247, 254, 255, 279, 293, 297

population, 202

garrison, 213, 219, 256-7

dispositions of, 218-19, 257-8

operations at, 259-74, 275, 277-8

German account, 227-9, 243, 275-77

casualties at, 275

escapes from, 278, 309-10, 311, 312

Rezanite, Er (Map p. 482; Sketch p. 462), 461, 471, 490, 491

Rhadjar (Sketch p. 353), 353

Rharife (Sketches pp. 462, 475), 505, 506

advance to, 460, 461, 474, 475-6, 477

casualties, 476n

Rhaziye (Sketch p. 381), 379

Rhoden, Lt-Col P. E., 489, 490

Rhodes, 4, 6, 7, 16, 197, 207

Rhodopoles (Sketch p. 45), 52

Rice, Maj D. G., 483, 484

Richards, Lt G. T. E., 166

Richards, Pte H., 309

Richthofen, General von, 227

Rickard, Lt-Col A. L., 400, 448

Riddell, Maj J., 547

Rihane (Sketch p. 367), 388

Ringel, Maj-Gen, 233, 239, 240, 243, 297, 317n

Risson, Maj-Gen R. J. H., 341n

Riza Shah, 532

Rmaile (Sketch p. 462), 460

Roatta, General, 50

Roberts, Lt F. E., 268

Robertson, Maj A. C., 446, 476

Robertson, Cpl H. S., 445

Robertson, Lt-Col W. T., 59, 60

Robinson, Maj A., 485, 486, 489

Robson, Lt-Col E. M., 389, 409, 411, 454, 455, 464

Rodona (Map p. 66). 59, 60, 61, 62

Rogers, Cpl B. M., 270n

Rogers, Cpl D. R., 270n

Rogers, Brig J. D., 34n, 150, 164n, 469, 546, 561

Rogers, Lt T. L., 261-2

Rolfe, Capt C. B. N., 135n, 283

Rommel, Field Marshal Erwin, 523

Roosevelt, Franklin D., 8n, 329, 530, 531

Rose, Lt R. N., 486

Rosh Pinna, 343, 398, 400, 418, 420

Ross, Pte C. F., 488

Rostov, 530

Roumane, Er (Map p. 482), 480, 484, 496, 497

Route “A” (Map p. 386), 344, 388, 396, 398, 399, 412, 446, 449

Route “B” (Map p. 386), 344, 352, 388. 396, 397, 412, 446, 449

Rowell, Maj F. A., 498, 499, 500

Rowell, Lt-Gen Sir Sydney, 211

in Greece, 34, 74, 79, 97, 98, 129, 141, 149

presses for withdrawal of NZ Division to Olympus passes, 40

protests at evacuation of Anzac Corps headquarters, 151

proposes that I Aust Corps should control operations in Syria from outset, 340, 527

in Syria, 418, 420

returns to Australia, 549

Royal, Maj R., 295

Royal Air Force, see British Air Force

Royal Perivolians, see New Zealand Composite Battalion

Royce, Maj G. E., 269

Rudd, Lt L. K., 348, 379, 384

Rudel, Judge, 240

Rumania, 2, 11n, 15, 49

German air strength in, 18n

oilfields, 6, 8, 15, 48, 197, 227n

Rupel Pass (Sketch p. 45), 34, 45, 52, 80

Ruses

Aust

in Crete, 260, 264

in Syria, 345, 459-60

British

in Crete, 283-4

in Syria, 336

French, in Syria, 496

German

in Greece, 56

in Crete, 286n, 301n

Russell, Sgt D. H., 64n

Russell, Lt-Col J. T., 245

Russell., Col R. H., 170

Russell, Maj W. B., 453n, 454, 456, 459, 489, 490, 557n

Russia, 11, 188, 189, 318, 320, 534, 538

German plan to invade. 6. 48, 330

effect of Greek campaign on plan, 192-3

invasion of, 441, 523, 524, 530, 549

relations with Iraq, 201n

and Persia, 530-33

Rutba (Sketch p. 198), 200, 201

Ryan, Pte A., 362

Ryan, Lt-Col J. J., 265n, 269, 270n, 310

Ryan, Maj W. H., 214, 226

Rymnion (Sketch p. 75), 75, 87

Ryrie, Maj E. J., 502

–S–

Saadiyate, Es (Map p. 482; Sketch p. 462), 461, 462, 469, 470

Sabbura (Sketch p. 416), 430

Sadleir, Cpl J. C., 365

Sagret Fellah, Wadi (Map p. 410), 465

Sahl Es Sahra (Sketch p. 416), 439

St George, Church Of (Map p. 258; Sketch p. 270), 264, 265, 266, 269, 271

St John’s Hill, 242n

Sakhet Ez Zeitoun (Sketch p. 381), 380

Sakiye, Es (Sketch p. 377), 376, 377

Salhiye (Sketch p. 385), 386

Salisbury-Jones, Maj-Gen A. G., 212

Salom, Lt A. L., 487

Salonika (Sketches pp. 4, 39), 2, 11, 29, 37, 40, 41, 67n, 182, 184, 188, 313, 315, 511, 521

value in event of Yugoslav cooperation, 3, 8, 9, 10, 13, 24, 26, 34, 194

cost of decision to defend, 46

proposed as port of disembarkation of Lustre Force, 12

German occupation of, 52, 94

Salum, 197

Salvation Army, 559

Salween, British transport, 170, 174

Samakh (Sketch p. 413), 419

Samaria, 467n

Samothrace Island (Sketch p. 4), 52

Sampson, Maj R. G., 87

Samson, Lt-Col B. E. G., 494, 499

Sanamein (Sketch p. 374), 412

Sandover, Brig R. L., 155, 156, 157, 158, 257, 260, 264, 265, 266, 267, 269, 270n, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 278. 309, 310, 312, 556n

Santi, Bdr E. W., 154

Sarafand (Palestine), 336

Sarafend (Sketch p. 377), 377

Sarafis. General, 132n, 191-2, 203n

Sarajevo (Sketch p. 4), 94

Sargent, Capt A. H., 289

Sarrail, General, 324

Sarrail, Fort (Sketch p. 421), 421, 422, 423, 426, 427

Sassa (Sketches pp. 374, 395), 391, 394, 412

Sataniq, Wadi (Sketch p. 381), 379, 380, 382, 383

Savage, Lt B. M., 262, 263

Savage, Rt Hon M. J., 70n

Savage, Col R. W., 547, 548

Save River (Sketch p. 51), 50, 51

Savige, Capt J. R., 235

Savige, Lt-Gen Sir Stanley, in Greece, 79, 82, 90, 96, 122, 125, 134, 135, 141-2, 145, 148n, 150, 153, 161, 171, 172-3

meets Tsolakoglou, 91-2

misunderstanding with I Armd Bde, 103, 104, 110-11

in Syria, 439n, 467, 474, 491, 493, 499, 502, 503, 504

arrest of French officers, 520-21

returns to Australia, 549

Saxby, Col N. H. W., 545

Scarpanto, 520, 521

Schaette, Major, 240

Scherber, Major, 229

Schirmer, Capt, 285

Schulz, Major, 285, 293

Schuster, Admiral, 228

Scott, Lt H. H., 270

Scott Orr, Pte W., 425

Seba Biyar (Sketch p. 466), 466

Sebline (Sketches pp. 385, 462), 386, 460, 461, 463

Secombe, Lt-Gen V. C., 341n

Selino Kastelli (Sketch p. 203), 230

Serbia, see Yugoslavia

Serrai (Sketch p. 45), 52

Servia (Map p. 34; Sketch p. 75), 27, 30, 32, 36, 44, 46, 54, 56, 65, 80, 99, 160n, 178

withdrawal to, 72-4

dispositions at, 74-6

action at, 86-7, 93, 101-2, 109, 126

withdrawal from, 82, 106, 107, 109

rearguard at, 122-3

Seyar, Es (Map p. 482; Sketch p. 462), 461, 469, 470

Sfakia (Sketches pp. 203, 296), 203, 247, 249, 271, 273, 317n

withdrawal to, 253-4, 255, 295-7, 298-9

rearguard at, 299, 300-1, 304

embarkations from, 295, 297-8, 299-300, 301-3, 305-6

surrender at, 307

German account, 297, 307

escapes from, 307-9

Shahabad (Sketch p. 533), 533

Shaiba (Sketch p. 198), 200

Shannon, Cpl T. A., 501

Shedden, Sir Frederick, proposes Blamey for higher command, 21, 151

Sheikh Mansour, Jebel (Sketch p. 413), 510

Sheikh Meskine (Sketches pp. 334, 395), 338, 344, 356-7, 358, 373, 391, 394, 402, 407, 412, 467n

Sheppard, Col A. W., 150n, 160, 170

Sheppard, Lt R., 406, 507, 508, 509

Sherwood, R. E., 8n

Shipping, British losses, 175, 318

Shreeve, Pte R. H., 274

Siatista Pass (Map p. 34; Sketches pp. 55, 78), 46, 54, 65, 66, 76, 77, 78, 89

Sicily, 23, 202

withdrawal of German aircraft, 531

proposed invasion, 553n

Sicklen, Pte W. A., 315

Sidi Barrani, 308, 309, 312

Sidon (Map p. 339; Sketches pp. 376, 377, 381), 333, 340, 363, 389, 393, 405, 413, 414, 419, 432, 447, 461, 467, 470

advance to, 375-86

Sikourion (Sketch p. 101), 107, 119, 122, 186

Silverman, Lt-Col J. S., 378

Simovic, General, 25

Simpson, Lt, 260n

Simpson, Maj-Gen C. H., 34n

Simpson, Lt-Col C. L., 60

Simpson, Col J. T., 34n

Simpson, Brig N. W., 341n

Sims, Maj C. A. W., 472, 482, 497

Sinai Desert, 548

Sinclair, Capt R. B., 222

Sin Kares (Sketch p. 296), 299

Sitaria (Map p. 66), 53

Sitia (Sketch p. 203), 227

Skala Leptokarias (Sketch p. 84), 99

Skamnos (Sketch p. 156), 159

Skerrett, Sgt C. J., 67n

Skhimatarion (Sketch p. 145), 169

Skiathos Island (Sketch p. 187), 67n, 185, 188

Skines, 313

Skipper, Capt J. W., 472

Ski Troops, in Syria, 547-8

Skopelos Island (Sketch p. 187), 186, 188

Skoplje (Sketch p. 4), 51, 52, 94

capture of, 42

Skoteina (Sketch p. 73), 84, 100

Skoulas, General, 207, 254

Skyros Island (Sketch p. 187), 67n, 186, 189

Slamat, British transport, 171, 181n

Slessor, K., 560

Slim, Field Marshal Sir William, 441, 478, 479, 532, 533

Smallwood, Cpl R. G., 258

Smart, Air Vice-Marshal H. G., 200

Smeal, Cpl D. G., 73, 74

Smith, Lt-Gen Sir Arthur, 212, 523

visits Athens, 24

favours invasion of Syria, 524

Smith, WO2 C. R. F., 425-6

Smith, G. A., 333n

Smith, L-Sgt H. V., 384

Smith, Lt S., 63

Smith, Sgt W. R. D., 457, 458

Smuts, Field Marshal Rt Hon J. C., 554

Smyrna (Sketch p. 187), 67n, 188, 189

Snook, Maj R. J. B., 283

Sofia (Sketch p. 4), 51, 158

Somme, 536n

Sotir (Sketch p. 67), 61, 65, 74

rearguard at, 59, 66-8

Soueida (Map p. 339), 358, 517, 519

Soumpasi (Sketch p. 124), 90n, 92, 109n, 128

Souq Wadi Barada (Sketch p. 416), 429

South African Air Force, 310

South African Army, 554, 561, 562

strength in Middle East, 541

cooperation with British Army, 552

1st South African Div, 320, 531

Southworth, Lt W. G., 115, 118, 236n

Spain, 19

Spears, Maj-Gen Sir Edward, 321, 328, 518, 519n

AIF discipline, 545

Spears Mission, 518n, 519, 547

Speckman, Brig C. R., 341n

Spence, Cpl J. H., 433

Spender, Hon Sir Percy, 17, 18, 20, 340

Sperkhios River (Sketch p. 147), 140, 146, 147, 149, 156

Spry, Col C. C. F., 150n, 163

Srifa (Sketches pp. 343, 367), 343, 366

Stable, Maj N. S., 507, 508

Staff Corps, 341, 558

Staley, Cpl E. R., 378, 557n

Stalin, Marshal Joseph, 524

Stalos (Map p. 218), 240, 242, 243

Stanton, Lt C., 262n

Stanton, Lt-Col F. A., 436n, 505n

Stapledon, Lt H. D., 486

Stavromenos (Map p. 258), 256, 265, 267

Steadman, L-Cpl J. P., 116

Steel, Pte E., 67n

Steele, Maj-Gen Sir Clive, 34n, 99, 128, 129n, 134, 135, 149

Steiermark Province, 50

Stenzler, Major, 230

Stephanides, Lt T., 239n, 253-4

Stevens, Maj-Gen J. E. S.

estimate of, 341

in Syria, 345, 348, 351, 360, 364, 365, 366, 375-6, 378, 379, 380, 382, 384, 385, 387, 460, 461, 462-3, 475, 480, 484, 488, 490, 491, 493, 499, 502, 503, 548

problems of, 342-4

ordered to halt coastal advance, 412-13

policy at Damour, 469-71, 473-4

Stevenson, WO2 E. J., 167

Stevenson, Brig J. R., 424, 425, 426, 428, 429, 430, 431, 432, 433, 438, 439, 492, 493, 498, 520, 521

Stewart, Hon Sir Frederick, 512

Stewart, Capt G. F., 366, 382

Stewart, Col K. L., 97n, 208, 210, 237

Stilis (Map p. 34), 29

Stilos (Map p. 218; Sketch p. 296), 249, 251, 253, 255, 295, 297

Stogdale, Bdr G. E. D., 547

Stoneham, Lt A. C., 270n

Stovin, WO1 R. C., 114, 116

Stringer, Lt J. R., 443

Struma River (Map p. 34), 10, 26, 27, 39, 40, 42, 45

Strumica (Sketch p. 39), 41, 52

Strutt, Brig H. W., 64, 232, 242

Stuart, Aust destroyer, 23, 161, 170, 298

Student, General Kurt, 219n, 227, 228, 233, 247, 284, 292

Stumme, General, 50, 51, 52, 70, 93, 94, 126, 128, 142

Sturdee, Lt-Gen Sir Vernon, size of AIF, 537,

maintenance of, 541, 542, 543

return of officers

from Middle East, 549

Sturm, Colonel, 167, 263, 275, 276

Sublet, Lt-Col F. H., 361, 362, 363, 364, 367

Suda (Map p. 218; Sketch p. 296), 218, 226n, 241, 242, 243, 247, 250, 251, 253, 255, 265, 277, 278, 280n, 284, 287, 296, 307n, see also Maleme-Suda

Suda Bay (Map p. 218; Sketch p. 203), 170n, 174, 179, 202, 203, 205, 206, 208, 211, 212, 226, 228, 229, 230, 235, 237, 241, 243, 244, 249, 250, 251, 255, 263, 270n, 280, 287, 295, 317

garrison of, 213, dispositions, 218-19

air attacks on, 217, 219-20, 239

Sudan, 21

Sudetenland, 57n

Suez Canal, 330, 385n, 534

mining of, 15-16

German threat to, 530

Sukhna (Sketch p. 466), 466

Summons, Lt W. I., 409

Sussman, General, 228, 229, 230

Sutherland, Brig R. B., 36n, 47, 138, 143

Swanson, WO L. R., 289

Sweet, Lt-Col H. G., 181

Sweetapple, Lt A. M., 354

Swinton, Capt C. N., 85, 117

Sydney, 512

Symington, Maj N. M., 351n

Symington, Maj W. G., 362

Simmons, Pte F. W., 266

Syn Ammondari (Sketch p. 296), 296

Syn Tomai (Sketch p. 124), 111, 125, 134n

Syria, 188, 190, 198, 202, 208, 315, 320, 530, 531, 532, 537, 542n, 553, 554, 555

German influence and aid in, 201, 325, 327, 329-30, 331

French strength in, 321, 333-4, 524-5

proposed Free French advance into, 322, 326, 327

British decision to occupy, 327-8, 331

plan of invasion, 334-44

Italian Armistice Commission in, 329, 332

campaign in, 345-514

conduct of operations in, 467-9, 523-9

advance from Iraq, 478-80

Armistice, 511-14

administration of, 515-22

strength of national contingents participating in campaign,